Rates of HIV infection among men who have sex with men are highest in six Southern states and the District of Columbia, according to a new analysis, conducted by researchers at Emory University. In these states -- South Carolina, Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Georgia -- more than 15 percent of men who have sex with men were HIV-positive in 2012. And in Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina, the rates of diagnosed HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men were nearly twice that of the national rate, the researchers reported Tuesday. When the authors looked at the data on a city level, 21 of the top 25 cities were in the South. In five cities -- Jackson, Miss., Columbia, S.C., El Paso, Texas, Augusta, Ga., and Baton Rouge, La. -- at least a quarter of all men who have sex with men were living with HIV in 2012.
Obesity rates in the United States have reached epidemic proportions, costing billions in medical care and causing life-threatening diseases. A recent study of all 50 states by personal finance company WalletHub analyzed multiple factors to determine the nation's fattest states. Mississippi came in at number one, followed closely by Louisiana, Arkansas, Kentucky and Tennessee. Utah, Colorado and New Jersey had the least amount of overweight residents. Though Colorado ranked as the state with the lowest rate of obesity, a full 21 percent of its adult population is obese.
The healthcare sector has long been an early adopter of and benefited greatly from technological advances. These days, machine learning (a subset of artificial intelligence) plays a key role in many health-related realms, including the development of new medical procedures, the handling of patient data and records and the treatment of chronic diseases. As computer scientist Sebastian Thrum told the New Yorker in a recent article titled "A.I. Versus M.D., "Just as machines made human muscles a thousand times stronger, machines will make the human brain a thousand times more powerful." Despite warnings from some doctors that things are moving too fast, the rate of progress keeps increasing. And for many, that's as it should be. "AI is the future of healthcare," Fatima Paruk, CMO of Chicago-based Allscripts Analytics, said in 2017. She went on to explain how critical it would be in the ensuing few years and beyond -- in the care management of prevalent chronic diseases; in the leveraging of "patient-centered health data with external influences such as pollution exposure, weather factors and economic factors to generate precision medicine solutions customized to individual characteristics"; in the use of genetic information "within care management and precision medicine to uncover the best possible medical treatment plans." "AI will affect physicians and hospitals, as it will play a key role in clinical decision support, enabling earlier identification of disease, and tailored treatment plans to ensure optimal outcomes," Paruk explained. "It can also be used to demonstrate and educate patients on potential disease pathways and outcomes given different treatment options.
"Help the young who don't want and can't care for a child that is thrown into their lives," Hutchens, an opponent of the bill, told lawmakers. "Help them get the time to become educated, to become good citizens of West Virginia, to stay in West Virginia so that they can find good jobs and be productive in their states. Do not beat the poor into the ground, but build them up."
The statement by the state Department of Health and Human Resources says the expanded coverage starts Sunday. It says the state will add Medicaid coverage for residential treatment programs for adult substance abuse sufferers, including those with mental health disorders. It also will include peer recovery support services to extend treatment into a community and home environment, and coverage to stabilize intoxicated people through withdrawal management services.