This article follows my previous one on Bayesian probability & probabilistic programming that I published few months ago on LinkedIn. And for the purpose of this article, I am going to assume that most this article readers have some idea what a Neural Network or Artificial Neural Network is. Neural Network is a non-linear function approximator. We can think of it as a parameterized function where the parameters are the weights & biases of Neural Network through which we will be typically passing our data (inputs), that will be converted to a probability between 0 and 1, to some kind of non-linearity such as a sigmoid function and help make our predictions or estimations. These non-linear functions can be composed together hence Deep Learning Neural Network with multiple layers of this function compositions.
Our brains are wired in a way that they can differentiate between objects, both living and non-living by simply looking at them. In fact, the recognition of objects and a situation through visualization is the fastest way to gather, as well as to relate information. This becomes a pretty big deal for computers where a vast amount of data has to be stuffed into it, before the computer can perform an operation on its own. Ironically, with each passing day, it is becoming essential for machines to identify objects through facial recognition, so that humans can take the next big step towards a more scientifically advanced social mechanism. So, what progress have we really made in that respect?
Machine Learning is no longer just a buzzword, it is all around us: from protecting your email, to automatically tagging friends in pictures, to predicting what movies you like. Computer vision is one of today's most exciting application fields of Machine Learning, with Deep Learning driving innovative systems such as self-driving cars and Google's DeepMind. OpenCV lies at the intersection of these topics, providing a comprehensive open-source library for classic as well as state-of-the-art computer vision and Machine Learning algorithms. In combination with Python Anaconda, you will have access to all the open-source computing libraries you could possibly ask for. Machine Learning for OpenCV begins by introducing you to the essential concepts of statistical learning, such as classification and regression.
Artificial intelligence (AI) systems, powered by massive data and sophisticated algorithms -- including but not limited to -- deep neural networks and statistical machine learning (ML)(support vector machines, clustering, random forest, etc.), are having profound and transformative impact on our daily lives as they make their way into everything from finance to healthcare, from retail to transportation. Netflix movie recommender, Amazon's product prediction, Facebook's uncanny ability to show what you may like, Google's assistant, DeepMind's AlphaGo, Stanford's AI beating human doctors. Machine learning is eating software. However, one of the common features of these powerful algorithms is that they utilize sophisticated mathematics to do their job -- to classify and segment an image, to arrive at the key decisions, to make a product recommendation, to model a complex phenomenon, or to extract and visualize a hidden pattern from a deluge of data. All of these mathematical processes are, quite simply, beyond the scope of a single human (or a team) to perform manually (even on a computer) or inside their head.
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