Donna Strickland has become only the third woman in history to win the Nobel prize for Physics. She joins Marie Curie, who won in 1903, and Maria Goeppert-Mayer, who was awarded the prize in 1963. Here are four other women who have changed the face of physics. Birthplace: Born in Portsea, Hampshire, in 1854; died in 1923. Known for: British physicist who was the first woman nominated to become a fellow of the Royal Society (although women could not be elected).
MIAMI – People are more interested in learning about the work of attractive scientists, but they see these good-looking researchers as less able than their average-appearing counterparts, a study suggested Monday. The report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) highlights the biases that come with judging people on looks, particularly in the field of science, in an era of popular TED talks and increasing online engagement. "It seems that people use facial appearance as a source of information when selecting and evaluating science news," said lead author Will Skylark from the Department of Psychology at the University of Cambridge. "It's not yet clear how much this shapes the spread and acceptance of scientific ideas among the public, but the rapid growth in visual media means it may be an increasingly important issue." For the report, researchers at the University of Cambridge and University of Essex conducted six separate studies to see how scientists' looks affected public perception of their research.
A short while ago a recent article in Wired described how physicists are about to rule Silicon Valley. The opening of the article resonated strongly with me when I also used to tackle difficult research questions at the world's most renown laboratories for particle physics: CERN in Geneva, Switzerland and the Fermi National Laboratory in Chicago, IL. For more than 10 years I've tried to uncover the origins of our Universe before transitioning to the private sector and joining Blue Yonder, a cloudbased company that delivers automated, machine learning solutions in the Retail space. Why did I make this move? The LHC has yet to discover anything new – even the Higgs boson discovered in 2012 was about the same mass it was previously expected to be.
The field of particle physics is in a peculiar state. The standard model of particle theory successfully describes every fundamental particle and force observed in laboratories, yet fails to explain properties of the universe such as the existence of dark matter, the amount of dark energy, and the preponderance of matter over antimatter. Huge experiments, of increasing scale and cost, continue to search for new particles and forces that might explain these phenomena. However, these frontiers also are explored in certain smaller, laboratory-scale "tabletop" experiments. This approach uses precision measurement techniques and devices from atomic, quantum, and condensed-matter physics to detect tiny signals due to new particles or forces.