Today's agriculture is in a race. Farmers have to grow more product in deteriorating soil, declining land availability and increasing weather fluctuation. IoT-enabled agriculture allows farmers to monitor their product and conditions in real-time. They get insights fast, can predict issues before they happen and make informed decisions on how to avoid them. Additionally, IoT solutions in agriculture introduce automation, for example, demand-based irrigation, fertilizing and robot harvesting.
We are a Ukraine-based company which means that our parents and grandparents lived in the era of infamous Soviet collective farms, where tractors were considered to be an ultimate technology. For them, a smart farm will sound like a fairy tale. So let it be, a fairy tale of a smart farm. First of all, what is a smart farm? Smart Farming is a concept of farming management using modern Information and Communication Technologies to increase the quantity and quality of products.
According to the UN projections, world population will rise from 6.8 billion today to 9.1 billion in 2050 that signifies food production has to be raised to feed the one-third more mouths. And, the agriculture industry is accountable for fulfilling humans' need for food, energy, and shelter (To a great extent). Furthermore, the agriculture industry composes less than 5 percent of the combined GDPs of the world. But, there is one more distressing fact revealed by Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of agricultural workers is projected to decline 3 percent from 2012 to 2022. Why is this employment supposed to reduce?
Internet of things has been proving its mettle across the industries such as banking, retail, tele companies, manufacturers and more. Amidst the various industries, the one sector it is quickly catching up with is, the agriculture. With the concept of smart farming and digitization, it is gaining popularity like never before and is coming with the potential to offer high precision crop control, data collection and automated farming techniques. A forecast by the food and agriculture arm of the United Nations (FAO) says that the food production worldwide should see a 70% increase by 2050 to cater the ever growing population. And the experts believe that IoT could play a crucial role in meeting this need.
Old days of hard and not always profitable human labor is over, Smart Farming powered by Machine Learning with its high-precision algorithms is a new concept emerging today. Aiming to increase the quantity and quality of products, this cutting-edge movement makes sustainable productivity growth for everyone working in the agriculture realm. Farming goes digital and now we are observing 4th Agricultural Revolution. Everyday machines learn to solve complicated tasks, and they are doing it better with time. So, what is Machine learning applications in farming today and why should farmers care?