Document recommendation systems for locating relevant literature have mostly relied on methods developed a decade ago. This is largely due to the lack of a large offline gold-standard benchmark of relevant documents that cover a variety of research fields such that newly developed literature search techniques can be compared, improved and translated into practice. To overcome this bottleneck, we have established the RElevant LIterature SearcH consortium consisting of more than 1500 scientists from 84 countries, who have collectively annotated the relevance of over 180 000 PubMed-listed articles with regard to their respective seed (input) article/s. The majority of annotations were contributed by highly experienced, original authors of the seed articles. The collected data cover 76% of all unique PubMed Medical Subject Headings descriptors. No systematic biases were observed across different experience levels, research fields or time spent on annotations.
The first day of Eid Al Fitr is expected to fall on Friday, June 15, in most Islamic countries, according to the International Astronomical Centre (IAC), including Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Kuwait and Qatar. The official announcement depends on the moon sighting, if the new moon can be seen on June 14, then Ramadan will end on Thursday and Friday will be the first day of Eid. The International Astronomical Center expects the crescent moon to be visible from all Islamic countries with the naked eye or through a telescope on the night of June 14. Official Eid announcements are usually made within two hours from sunset because when the moon is new, it rises and sets with the sun (or within an hour). According to the IAC this year, the crescent is expected to rise 49 minutes after sunset in Rabat, 46 minutes after sunset in Mogadishu, Khartoum, Tripoli and Algeria, 45 minutes in Djibouti and Tunisia, 44 minutes in Sanaa, 43 minutes in Cairo, 42 minutes in Riyadh, Amman and Jerusalem, 41 minutes in Beirut, Doha, Damascus, Manama and Abu Dhabi, and 40 minutes in Baghdad, Kuwait and Muscat.
The upcoming meeting of the Joint Technical Committee of International Standards Organisation (ISO) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) in Japan will provide the forum for the further development of international AI Standards. SC42 consists of 28 Participating countries and 13 Observing countries from all over the world. Participating countries include Ireland representatives nominated by National Standards Authority of Ireland (NSAI) and Australia (SA), Austria (ASI), Belgium (NBN), Benin (ANM), Canada (SCC), China (SAC), Denmark (DS), Finland (SFS), France (AFNOR), Italy (UNI), Japan (JISC), Korea, Republic of (KATS), Luxembourg (ILNAS), Malta (MCCAA), Netherlands (NEN), Norway (SN), Russian Federation (GOST R), Singapore, (SSC), Spain (UNE), Sweden (SIS), Switzerland (SNV), Uganda (UNBS), United Kingdom (BSI) and United States (ANSI). Standardisation has been a driving factor in the creation of the European Unions Digital Single Market. European standards help to eliminate technical barriers to trade contributed to the implementation of European legislation and the development of sustainable industrial policy.