Artificial Intelligence Is Here: Now What?

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The topic of "artificial intelligence" has recently brought a confluence of nationally significant announcements. In September, Stanford University released its One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence, which was quickly followed by the announcement in early October that five firms -- Amazon, DeepMind of Google, Facebook, IBM, and Microsoft -- have formed a nonprofit named the Partnership on Artificial Intelligence to Benefit People and Society (Partnership on AI). A week after the Partnership on AI announced its formation, the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), which is overseen by the Executive Office of the President, released Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence. For the release of the Stanford and the NSTC reports, perhaps, but the formation of the Partnership on AI is no coincidence. The members of the Partnership on AI realize the marketplace is at an important "tipping point" when it comes to the increasing utilization of AI in the U.S. AI is already used in automobiles to enable enhanced driving safety features and GPS services, in smartphone apps, and in wearable medical device -- to name just a few examples.


Google's controversial DeepMind deal for 1.6 million NHS patients' data called legally 'inappropriate'

The Independent - Tech

Google's artificial intelligence division received the medical records of 1.6 million people on an "inappropriate legal basis", according to a leaked letter from a top government adviser. DeepMind controversially struck up a data-sharing deal with the Royal Free Hospital Trust, for the creation of an app called Streams. In February last year, Google said Streams would help hospital staff monitor patients with kidney disease, but a document obtained by New Scientist caused further concern when it revealed that DeepMind was receiving historical medical data, records of the location and status of patients, and even details about visitors. The I.F.O. is fuelled by eight electric engines, which is able to push the flying object to an estimated top speed of about 120mph. The giant human-like robot bears a striking resemblance to the military robots starring in the movie'Avatar' and is claimed as a world first by its creators from a South Korean robotic company Waseda University's saxophonist robot WAS-5, developed by professor Atsuo Takanishi and Kaptain Rock playing one string light saber guitar perform jam session A man looks at an exhibit entitled'Mimus' a giant industrial robot which has been reprogrammed to interact with humans during a photocall at the new Design Museum in South Kensington, London Electrification Guru Dr. Wolfgang Ziebart talks about the electric Jaguar I-PACE concept SUV before it was unveiled before the Los Angeles Auto Show in Los Angeles, California, U.S The Jaguar I-PACE Concept car is the start of a new era for Jaguar.


On the Quantization of Cellular Neural Networks for Cyber-Physical Systems

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) have been pervasive including smart grid, autonomous automobile systems, medical monitoring, process control systems, robotics systems, and automatic pilot avionics. As usually implemented on embedded devices, CPS is typically constrained by computation capacity and energy consumption. In some CPS applications such as telemedicine and advanced driving assistance system (ADAS), data processing on the embedded devices is preferred due to security/safety and real-time requirement. Therefore, high efficiency is highly desirable for such CPS applications. In this paper we present CeNN quantization for high-efficient processing for CPS applications, particularly telemedicine and ADAS applications. We systematically put forward powers-of-two based incremental quantization of CeNNs for efficient hardware implementation. The incremental quantization contains iterative procedures including parameter partition, parameter quantization, and re-training. We propose five different strategies including random strategy, pruning inspired strategy, weighted pruning inspired strategy, nearest neighbor strategy, and weighted nearest neighbor strategy. Experimental results show that our approach can achieve a speedup up to 7.8x with no performance loss compared with the state-of-the-art FPGA solutions for CeNNs.


Global Bigdata Conference

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News concerning Artificial Intelligence (AI) abounds again. The progress with Deep Learning techniques are quite remarkable with such demonstrations of self-driving cars, Watson on Jeopardy, and beating human Go players. This rate of progress has led some notable scientists and business people to warn about the potential dangers of AI as it approaches a human level. Exascale computers are being considered that would approach what many believe is this level. However, there are many questions yet unanswered on how the human brain works, and specifically the hard problem of consciousness with its integrated subjective experiences.


Artificial intelligence virtual consultant helps deliver better patient care

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WASHINGTON, DC (March 8, 2017)--Interventional radiologists at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) are using technology found in self-driving cars to power a machine learning application that helps guide patients' interventional radiology care, according to research presented today at the Society of Interventional Radiology's 2017 Annual Scientific Meeting. The researchers used cutting-edge artificial intelligence to create a "chatbot" interventional radiologist that can automatically communicate with referring clinicians and quickly provide evidence-based answers to frequently asked questions. This allows the referring physician to provide real-time information to the patient about the next phase of treatment, or basic information about an interventional radiology treatment. "We theorized that artificial intelligence could be used in a low-cost, automated way in interventional radiology as a way to improve patient care," said Edward W. Lee, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor of radiology at UCLA's David Geffen School of Medicine and one of the authors of the study. "Because artificial intelligence has already begun transforming many industries, it has great potential to also transform health care."