Faculty Of Engineering Cairo University Giza, Egypt Diagnosis of anemia depends upon the observation of variations in color, shape and gray level distribution inside the Red Blood Cells (RBC's). The most important of all is the variation in the outer contour of an individual cell. In this paper, several new closed contour features are presented, together with some techniques for preprocessing and feature extraction. Preprocessing includes contour extraction and run length coding of a closed contour, while features include concavity, unsymmetry and zero crossing of slope density curve. Features are rotation, transformation and scale invariant in addition to being highly noise tolerant. An efficient design of a decision tree is presented for classification.
PIBOR, SOUTH SUDAN/NAIROBI – Heavy rains and floods have killed more than 50 people and forced hundreds of thousands of people from their homes across East Africa as researchers warn warming oceans are causing unpredictable weather patterns in the region. South Sudan declared a national emergency last week after 420,000 people fled from the floods, the United Nations said. Workers from charity Medicins Sans Frontieres are working to combat potential disease outbreaks in the town of Pibor, about 340 km east of the capital, Juba, near the Ethiopian border, after rising waters destroyed homes and livestock. "We now live with dead animals, waste and garbage all submerged under these waters," said resident Veronica Komor, age 42. Bolo Choa, a 36-year old mother, pleaded for help.
A team of researchers from Bioversity International in Africa has created a smartphone app to help banana farmers protect their crops against diseases and pests. The Tumaini App (meaning'hope' in Swahili) is based on artificial intelligence algorithms that have been trained to recognize five major diseases and one common pest affecting the world's favorite fruit, demonstrating accuracy of more than 90 per cent in most models. The software has been tested in Colombia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Benin, China, and Uganda. Tumaini can recommend the means of addressing a specific disease and automatically upload identification data into a global database to help coordinate international response. It is hoped that the app can stop disease outbreaks and protect the livelihood of small, independent farmers.
The skeleton of an ancient Egyptian woman who tragically died during childbirth has been found alongside her unborn baby. The woman, who died 3,700 years ago at the age of 25, was in the final weeks of pregnancy and officials believe she died following the start of labour. She was buried in a graveyard used between 1750 BC and 1550 BC by nomadic people travelling north into the region of Nubia. Experts from Yale University and the University of Bologna found the remains at the Kom Ombo archaeological project in Aswan, around 530 miles (852km) from Cairo. Mustafa Waziri, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, said that the cemetery was used by travellers during the second transition period, between 1750 and 1550 BC.
The Bonassama District Hospital in Douala, Cameroon and six other African hospitals are adopting SOPHiA to – no matter their experience in genomic testing – get up to speed and analyze genomic data to identify disease-causing mutations in patients' genomic profiles, and decide on the most effective care. A release from the global leader in Data-Driven Medicine, Sophia Genetics, says in addition to the Bonassama district hospital, the modern technology is being adopted by Pharma Process in Casablanca, Morocco; ImmCell in Rabat, Morocco; The Al Azhar Oncology Center in Rabat, Morocco; The Riad Biology Center in Rabat, Morocco; The Oudayas, Medical Analysis Laboratory, Morocco;and The Center for Proteomic & Genomic Research (CPGR) in Cape Town, South Africa. As new users of SOPHiA, they become part of a larger network of 260 hospitals in 46 countries that share clinical insights across patient cases and patient populations, which feeds a knowledgebase of biomedical findings to accelerate diagnostics and care. Speaking about the adoption of SOPHiA in Africa, Jurgi Camblong, Sophia Genetics' CEO and co-founder, declared: "Since inception, our vision has been to develop innovative technological solutions that analyze patients' genomic profiles to offer better diagnosis and care to the greatest number of patients, wherever they live. Today, I am very proud that SOPHiA is triggering a technological leapfrog movement in healthcare across Africa."