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A Brief History of Artificial Intelligence

@machinelearnbot

Inspite of all the current hype, AI is not a new field of study, but it has its ground in the fifties. If we exclude the pure philosophical reasoning path that goes from the Ancient Greek to Hobbes, Leibniz, and Pascal, AI as we know it has been officially started in 1956 at Dartmouth College, where the most eminent experts gathered to brainstorm on intelligence simulation. This happened only a few years after Asimov set his own three laws of robotics, but more relevantly after the famous paper published by Turing (1950), where he proposes for the first time the idea of a thinking machine and the more popular Turing test to assess whether such machine shows, in fact, any intelligence. As soon as the research group at Dartmouth publicly released the contents and ideas arisen from that summer meeting, a flow of government funding was reserved for the study of creating a nonbiological intelligence. Atthat time, AI seemed to be easily reachable, but it turned out that was not the case.


A Brief History of AI

#artificialintelligence

Inspite of all the current hype, AI is not a new field of study, but it has its ground in the fifties. If we exclude the pure philosophical reasoning path that goes from the Ancient Greek to Hobbes, Leibniz, and Pascal, AI as we know it has been officially started in 1956 at Dartmouth College, where the most eminent experts gathered to brainstorm on intelligence simulation. This happened only a few years after Asimov set his own three laws of robotics, but more relevantly after the famous paper published by Turing (1950), where he proposes for the first time the idea of a thinking machine and the more popular Turing test to assess whether such machine shows, in fact, any intelligence. As soon as the research group at Dartmouth publicly released the contents and ideas arisen from that summer meeting, a flow of government funding was reserved for the study of creating a nonbiological intelligence. Atthat time, AI seemed to be easily reachable, but it turned out that was not the case.


My learning journey: Rise of AI – Cyber Tales – Medium

@machinelearnbot

In spite of all the current hype, AI is not a new field of study, but it has its ground in the fifties. If we exclude the pure philosophical reasoning path that goes from the Ancient Greek to Hobbes, Leibniz, and Pascal, AI as we know it has been officially started in 1956 at Dartmouth College, where the most eminent experts gathered to brainstorm on intelligence simulation. It went then through two main'winter' periods, in which investments and interested drastically declined, and back in the nineties it looked like pursuing the creation of an artificial intelligence system was a public shame and a waste of energy. However, as in the movie "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button", the more time it passed the more AI became actual and relevant. Luckily enough, in 1993 this period ended with the MIT Cog project to build a humanoid robot, and with the Dynamic Analysis and Replanning Tool (DART) -- that paid back the US government of the entire funding since 1950 -- and when in 1997 DeepBlue defeated Kasparov at chess, it was clear that AI was back to the top.


The 10 most important moments in AI (so far)

#artificialintelligence

This article is part of Fast Company's editorial series The New Rules of AI. More than 60 years into the era of artificial intelligence, the world's largest technology companies are just beginning to crack open what's possible with AI--and grapple with how it might change our future. Click here to read all the stories in the series. Artificial intelligence is still in its youth. But some very big things have already happened.


The 10 most important moments in AI (so far)

#artificialintelligence

This article is part of Fast Company's editorial series The New Rules of AI. More than 60 years into the era of artificial intelligence, the world's largest technology companies are just beginning to crack open what's possible with AI--and grapple with how it might change our future. Click here to read all the stories in the series. Artificial intelligence is still in its youth. But some very big things have already happened.