According to techopedia, a smart city is a city that utilizes information and communication technologies so that it enhances the quality and performance of urban services (such as energy and transportation) so that there's a reduction in resource consumption, wastage, and overall costs. In this article, we will look at components of a smart city and its AI-powered- IoT use cases, how AI helps with the adaption of IoT in Smart cities, and an example of AI-powered-IoT solution. Hence, a smart city would be a city that not only possesses ICT but also employs technology in a way that positively impacts the inhabitants. This article is an excerpt taken from the book'Hands-On Artificial Intelligence for IoT' written by Amita Kapoor. The book explores building smarter systems by combining artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things--two of the most talked about topics today.
The term "smart" is used to indicate the use of technologies such as computer chips and the myriad of applications that run on them. Smart phones and smart watches are literally miniature computers that you wear or carry in a pocket. Smart homes include digital assistants, IoT (Internet of Things) connected appliances, remote operation, and entertainment and comfort controls often activated by voice. But what constitutes a smart city? In Asia/Pacific, excluding Japan, more than half of the population is living in cities, and it is expected to reach 60% by 2030.
Idling in rush-hour traffic can be mind-numbing. It also carries other costs. Traffic congestion costs the U.S. economy $121 billion a year, mostly due to lost productivity, and produces about 25 billion kilograms of carbon dioxide emissions, Carnegie Mellon University professor of robotics Stephen Smith told the audience at a White House Frontiers Conference last week. In urban areas, drivers spend 40 percent of their time idling in traffic, he added. The big reason is that today's traffic signals are dumb.
A report last year from the IET found that the public often lack a real understanding of how smart cities will benefit them. The authors believe this is largely because those responsible for the roll-out of smart city type technologies seldom involve the public in their decision making processes. This contributes to a distinct lack of buy-in by the public in the technology. What's more, this is despite the early successes of platforms such as Airbnb and Uber.
Smart cities and smarter projects have been among the most actively discussed realizations made possible by IoT, data, connectivity and by leveraging a mix of varied technologies. The interest in smart cities continues to grow, driven by a range of socioeconomic and technological developments across the globe. A smart city responds to the challenges of our time and quality of life. It also ensures that the city meets the needs of future generations -- In terms of economic, social and environmental issues. In short, it is a good place to live with the best possible quality of life and most efficient use of resources.