How AI Helped Decode Ancient Geoglyphic Etchings In Peru

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Trapezoids, triangles and many other geometric shapes -- that's what one would see if they flew a drone over the high desert in Peru, South America. These giant geometric figures resemble birds, insects and other living beings. These are the famous Nazca lines which were discovered in the 1920s. In total, there are over 800 straight lines and 300 geometric figures. Archaeologists have been studying these lies ever since their discovery and still continue to do so till date.


AI Technology Helped Researchers Discover 143 Ancient Geoglyphs

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Archaeologists in Yamagata, Japan said they have discovered a cluster of enormous, ancient geoglyphs in Southern Peru. The discovery was made with the help of cutting-edge artificial intelligence (AI) technology. A research group at Yamagata University identified 143 new geoglyphs etched into the desert terrains of Nazca in southern Peru. The giant land art pieces, known as the Nazca Lines, depict human-like figures and a variety of animals including birds, fish, snakes, foxes, felines, and camelids. Many can only be identified from the air due to their large size.



New geoglyph discovered in Nazca desert

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Between the towns of Nazca and Palpa in Peru, a stretch of ground spanning 50 miles (80km) is covered in more than 700 enormous drawings. Now a new drawing, officially named a geoglyph, has been discovered by Japanese scientists showing an imaginary spotted animal with lots of legs, sticking out its long tongue. These new lines join existing geoglyphs of a dog, hummingbird, condor and a monkey, thought to have been drawn by the ancient Nazca people between the 1st and 6th centuries. Between the towns of Nazca and Palpa in Peru, a stretch of ground spanning 50 miles (80km) is covered in more than 700 enormous drawings. The geoglyph was discovered at Pampa de Majuelos in the Nazca desert by archaeologists Masato Sakai and Jorge Olano of Yamagata University.


Global Big Data Conference

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IBM power systems and Yamagata University collaborated to develop an AI-enabled cloud platform and geoscope that uncovered mysterious and ancient geoglyphs. Could robots become archaeological assistants, shuffling or trudging across sandy terrain like R2D2 and C3P0 in 1977's original " Star Wars?" Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine-learning algorithms, along with geospatial data, are being used to uncover mysterious and ancient geoglyphs, courtesy of a collaboration between IBM power systems and Yamagata University. And, using the new AI, scientists discovered a new formation of very large geoglyphs in the soil on the Nazca Lines in southern Peru-- the first to be found using AI. While straight lines dominate the Nazca desert landscape, figurative designs of animals and plants have evolved.