Normative notions have played a role in AI since its inception. The concept of intelligence is a normatively loaded notion. If every action counted as intelligent, AI would be very easy. But there are right ways and wrong ways to prove theorems, stack blocks, and make diagnoses. If there is a debate about machine ethics, then it is a debate about ethics or the capabilities of machines and not about the essential role of normativity within computing.
WASHINGTON – The Office of Congressional Ethics won a reprieve Tuesday, after House Republicans reversed course and dropped plans to gut the independent panel following a public outcry and criticism from President-elect Donald Trump. At least six lawmakers remain under investigation following complaints initially reviewed by the OCE, including Washington state Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers, the fourth highest-ranking House Republican. Other ongoing investigations target Republican Reps. Created in 2008, the ethics office is a nonpartisan entity that reviews allegations of misconduct against House members, officers and staff, and makes recommendations to the House Ethics Committee. In most cases, the OCE report and findings must be publicly released.
The rules-package amendment promulgated by Rep. Bob Goodlatte and passed Monday night by the House Republican Conference would have put the OCE under the aegis of the House Ethics Committee. The inconvenient word ethics would be struck from the office's name altogether. It would become the "Office of Congressional Complaint Review," a title carrying slightly more gravitas than the congressional mail room. The proposal would prevent the OCE from disclosing any information to the public--sealing itself to the public, essentially--and explicitly bars it from hiring a communications director or press secretary. In short, under the new rules, the OCE would handle all ethics complaints against members in the dark and be managed by the House Ethics Committee, which, like all committees, would be controlled by Republicans.
Robots are increasingly becoming common in everyday life. From robots that assist in blowing out fires to robots that help the elderly, it seems that robots are here to stay and, more importantly, here to help humanity. But how do you ensure that robots only help humanity? What ethics should robots abide by? And what do you do about potential lethal robots, robots meant to be used in war?
The House of Representatives on Tuesday approved a bill to exempt economic developers from the definition of lobbyist under the state ethics law. Supporters argued it is needed to help Alabama compete with other states for projects and factories by keeping developers' activity confidential, but critics said it opens up an exemption in the ethics law that governs interactions with government officials.