Quantum Machine Learning is the use of Quantum Computers to do Machine Learning. The Machine Learning techniques applied often are "classical" or do not significantly differ from standard Machine Learning, although the algorithms may be implemented to be optimized for quantum computing. Sabre Kais, professor of chemical physics at Purdue, said that "this is an exciting time to combine machine learning with quantum computing. Impressive progress has been made recently in building quantum computers, and quantum machine learning techniques will become powerful tools for finding new patterns in big data." Jörg Esser, theoretical physicist, wrote that "Quantum computing enables exponential increases in speed by harnessing the weirdness of quantum mechanics. The key challenge is to build robust systems at scale."
IBM is done playing with its old computer, so wants you to have a go. The tech giant is offering access to a five-qubit quantum processor to anyone. By exploiting the weirdness of quantum mechanics, quantum computers can store and process information as qubits, which can be a mixture of 0 and 1 at the same time. This allows them to far surpass conventional computers in certain tasks. IBM is working on computers with tens of qubits, so is putting its now-unneeded smaller chip (pictured above) online.
The new technological innovations are revolutionizing various industries -- from pharmaceuticals and healthcare to cybersecurity and FinTech -- and one such invention is Quantum Computing. The branch of mechanics'Quantum' itself is vast and intimidating enough, and combining it with computing technology opens new doors to an unimaginably vast framework of reality. Any discussion of quantum computing is reminiscent of a quantum jump into a science-fiction world. Well, advancements like cryptography systems are not only limited to the realms of sword and sorcery. We soon will be able to harness the power of quantum weirdness to design ultra-powerful computers and solve real-world problems such as climate, traffic, security, and other issues.
In fact, ultracold paired particles called fermions must behave even weirder than physicists previously thought, according to theoretical physicists from the Georgia Institute of Technology, who mathematically studied their flight patterns. Already, flying quantum particles were renowned for their weirdness. To understand why, start with similarities to a baseball then add significant differences. A pitcher imparts spin, momentum, and energy to a baseball when throwing a curveball, a change-up, or a slider. Fermions' funny flights are likewise carved by spins, momenta, and energies, but also by powerful quantum eccentricities like entanglement, which Albert Einstein once called "spooky action at a distance" between quantum particles.
You've heard the hype: The quantum computer revolution is coming. Physicists say these devices will be fast enough to break every encryption method banks use today. Their artificial intelligence will be so advanced that you could load in the periodic table and the laws of quantum mechanics, and they could design the most efficient solar cell to date. And they'll be here soon: Writing in Nature earlier this month, Google researchers said they anticipate the first commercial quantum computers in five years, and the company wants to build and test a 49-qubit--that's "quantum bit"--quantum computer by the end of this year. Some experts say that a 50-qubit computer could outperform any conventional computer.