As we edge closer to the end of a very eventful year, it seemed like a good time for a follow up to "12 Amazing Women in AI Ethics to Follow in 2018" post, which left out many deserving voices who are furthering the cause of Ethical and Responsible Artificial Intelligence (AI). We live in very challenging times. The pervasiveness of bias in AI algorithms and autonomous "killer" robots looming on the horizon, all of which necessitate an open discussion and immediate action to address the perils of unchecked AI. The decisions we make today will determine the fate of future generations. Ethics in AI or Responsible AI is a broad evolving discipline that covers wide spectrum of critical issues facing humanity today, including how we can eliminate racial/gender inequities perpetuated by algorithmic biases to whether robots should have rights.
Artificial general intelligence (AGI) (also referred to as "general artificial intelligence" - GAI) is the intelligence of a machine that could successfully perform any intellectual task that a human being can. It is a primary goal of artificial intelligence research and a common topic in science fiction and futurism. Artificial general intelligence is also referred to as "strong AI", "full AI" or as the ability of a machine to perform "general intelligent action". Some references emphasize a distinction between strong AI and "applied AI" (also called "narrow AI" or "weak AI"): the use of software to study or accomplish specific problem solving or reasoning tasks. Weak AI, in contrast to strong AI, does not attempt to perform the full range of human cognitive abilities.