Artificial Intelligence or simply AI has absolutely been the buzz in the most recent era of technology. Humankind has been experiencing the impact of AI in solving real-world problems where humans can't interfere. Therefore, let's get started to know more. Before diving into the AI, we need to know the term intelligence. Humans have innate intelligence, that governs every activity in the human body.
This primer explores the exciting subject of intelligence. Intelligence is a fundamental component of all living things, as well as Artificial Intelligence(AI). Artificial Intelligence has the potential to affect all of our lives and a new era for modern humans. This paper is an attempt to explore the ideas associated with intelligence, and by doing so understand the implications, constraints, and potentially the capabilities of future Artificial Intelligence. As an exploration, we journey into different parts of intelligence that appear essential. We hope that people find this useful in determining where Artificial Intelligence may be headed. Also, during the exploration, we hope to create new thought-provoking questions. Intelligence is not a single weighable quantity but a subject that spans Biology, Physics, Philosophy, Cognitive Science, Neuroscience, Psychology, and Computer Science. Historian Yuval Noah Harari pointed out that engineers and scientists in the future will have to broaden their understandings to include disciplines such as Psychology, Philosophy, and Ethics. Fiction writers have long portrayed engineers and scientists as deficient in these areas. Today, modern society, the emergence of Artificial Intelligence, and legal requirements all act as forcing functions to push these broader subjects into the foreground. We start with an introduction to intelligence and move quickly onto more profound thoughts and ideas. We call this a Life, the Universe and Everything primer, after the famous science fiction book by Douglas Adams. Forty-two may very well be the right answer, but what are the questions?
Google and Facebook have an almost perfect log of your comings and goings and they can combine that information with artificial intelligence to predict things about you. The systems are big and sophisticated, but their capabilities are still a far cry from the friendly, charismatic Samantha in the movie Her or the devilish, horrifying HAL in 2001: A Space Odyssey. After all, no one wants a HAL taking us out.) But algorithms are slowly getting smarter. Computer scientists are programming systems that can teach themselves to play Atari games and poker, all on their own.
The question of whether artificial beings or machines could become self-aware or consciousness has been a philosophical question for centuries. The main problem is that self-awareness cannot be observed from an outside perspective and the distinction of whether something is really self-aware or merely a clever program that pretends to do so cannot be answered without access to accurate knowledge about the mechanism's inner workings. We review the current state-of-the-art regarding these developments and investigate common machine learning approaches with respect to their potential ability to become self-aware. We realise that many important algorithmic steps towards machines with a core consciousness have already been devised. For human-level intelligence, however, many additional techniques have to be discovered.
Since the development of the first universal computers scientists have postulated the existence of an artificial consciousness; a constructed system that can mirror the complex interactions that take place within the human brain. While some public figures are openly terrified about the coming cyborg apocalypse, for most people artificial intelligence these days refers to tools and applications that can help us get our work done faster, rather than androids and artificial people. AI is now predominantly considered as a narrow use of a particular type of technology, distinct from artificial general intelligence (AGI), a much broader concept that encompasses synthetic consciousness. Considering the growth in the field of AI over the past decade or so, and the massive ongoing investment, it is worth exploring just how far along the path we have travelled towards Terminators, replicants and R2-D2, and the problems that have presented themselves. Many scientists and thinkers believe that AGI is a scientific inevitability based on the concept of universality, while others suggest that there are ontological physical limitations that prevent the recreation of consciousness.