Advanced surgical robots are already helping doctors perform operations with previously unimaginable precision. But fairly soon, doctors may be able to hand the scalpel over entirely--at least for simple, repetitive procedures--freeing up human surgeons' valuable time for more complex work. Some of the latest surgical robots can already plan and execute simple surgical tasks entirely on their own, select optimal approaches and tools, and even use deep learning to observe and replicate new procedures. So we've rounded up a few of the coolest robo-surgeons just for you.
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Today, advancements and innovation have reached the next level where everything is automated and is done automatically. This new breakthrough has driven the world to a new scenario where humans and robots can work together. For now, most autonomous systems or robots seem to work with driving vehicles, vacuuming home floors or turning lights on and off, caring elderly, gardening crops and picking fruits, and much more. These machinery systems are getting good enough as they are able to work alongside the human workforce in a shared space as teammates. Just like smartphones and social media that provide connectivity beyond our imagination, robots have started to offer physical and cognitive abilities to humans they never expected before.
A major European study in which robots attempt to replicate human behavior related to vision, gripping objects, and spatial perception has been developed by researchers at Robotic Intelligence Laboratory of the Universitat Jaume I (UJI) in Spain. A robot head with moving eyes was integrated into a torso with articulated arms, built using computer models computer models from animal and human biology. The robot head uses an advanced 3-D visual system synchronized with robotic arms that allows robots to observe and be aware of their surroundings and also remember the contents of those images in order to act accordingly. The research design process included recording monkey neurons engaged in visual-motor coordination. Saccadic eye movement, related to the dynamic change of attention, was the first feature implemented in the vision system.
Wang Gongxian, vice director of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University introduced that the robot arm with the operating forceps can freely rotate 540 degrees, which is more flexible than human arms. Wang added that the trauma caused in operations performed by surgical robots can be smaller and the treatment can be more precise compared with traditional operations. Robot arms were designed according to the functions of human hands. They will not tremble even if a doctor's hands shake, said Ou Yongsheng, a researcher at Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology under Chinese Academy of Sciences. In addition, the robots will immediately stop working in case of an emergency, such as instable voltage or power failure, Wang noted.