Putting more bobbies on the beat really does cut crime – even if they are just police community support officers, research suggests. It found targeting high-crime areas with PCSOs, who have fewer powers than police constables, saved 56 in prison costs for every 10 spent on extra manpower. The officers spent just over ten minutes twice a day patrolling 34 'hot spots' where crimes were statistically more likely to happen. Just having a visible police presence reduced 999 calls by 20 per cent and led to 39 per cent fewer reported crimes, the research found. In all, the extra 21 minutes of patrols a day in the 34 areas cost 50,000 over the year of the study – equivalent to the salaries of two full-time PCSOs.
European governments have been making headlines for adopting ground-breaking quotas designed to give more women a seat in the boardroom. Embracing new mandates to close the disparity gap among female and male leadership roles, countries such as France, Italy, Spain and Germany have adopted quota laws as a powerful tool for ensuring equality. There's no denying that Europe's quotas are helping bring more women into the top ranks of business, specifically the boardroom, and are accelerating change. While still woefully lacking in equality, the share of female CEO's doubled to 4% in Europe over the last seven years, a recent study shows. Data from the European Commission show the number of women holding board positions has increased materially since the quotas were first enacted in 2013, with Iceland currently in the lead for all EU countries at 44%.
MOSCOW/UFA, RUSSIA – Allies of Russian President Vladimir Putin comfortably won a parliamentary election, early results showed on Monday, but low turnout suggested a softening of enthusiasm for the ruling elite 18 months before the next presidential election. The ruling United Russia party won 51 percent in Sunday's election, according to a preliminary central election commission tally after a quarter of the votes had been counted. That would allow the party, which was founded by Putin and benefits from his popularity, to extend its dominance in the lower house of parliament, or Duma. An exit poll also had United Russia as the overwhelming winner. Putin, speaking to United Russia campaign staff a few minutes after polling stations closed on Sunday night, said the win showed voters still trusted the leadership despite an economic slowdown made worse by Western sanctions over Ukraine.
LONDON – Homophobia has risen in European countries that do not legally recognize same-sex relationships and acceptance of gay people has jumped in states where they can marry, research released on Wednesday showed. Most European countries saw a rise in acceptance of same-sex relationships between 2002 and 2016, according to Hungarian researchers who analyzed results from the European Social Survey, carried out every two years. However, Russia, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine all saw acceptance decrease over the 14-year period. "I think it is very important that we can unlearn prejudice," said Judit Takacs, a researcher at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and one of the study's authors. "It's a very serious message that you can learn to be … open-minded, and you can learn to be intolerant."
It was a painful procedure that could prove fatal. But Bronze Age surgeons in southwest Russia drilled holes in the back of people's skulls to fulfill ritual needs, rather than for medical reasons, a new study suggests. While experts can't guess what the gruesome ritual may have been 6,000 to 4,000-years ago, they found most who had the painful procedure were of high social standing - and often survived. Ancient surgeons in southwest Russia drilled holes in the back of people's skulls (example shown)to fulfil ritual needs, rather than for medical reasons, a new study suggests Archaeologists from the German Archaeological Institute in Berlin, the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow, Ministry of Culture of the Stavropol Region and Moscow State University, studied the skulls of 13 people buried at seven ancient sites in southwest Russia. They all have holes or marks on their skulls in the same place – the middle of the back of the head – which is a particularly dangerous place to have surgery.