Artificial general intelligence (AGI) (also referred to as "general artificial intelligence" - GAI) is the intelligence of a machine that could successfully perform any intellectual task that a human being can. It is a primary goal of artificial intelligence research and a common topic in science fiction and futurism. Artificial general intelligence is also referred to as "strong AI", "full AI" or as the ability of a machine to perform "general intelligent action". Some references emphasize a distinction between strong AI and "applied AI" (also called "narrow AI" or "weak AI"): the use of software to study or accomplish specific problem solving or reasoning tasks. Weak AI, in contrast to strong AI, does not attempt to perform the full range of human cognitive abilities.
At the heart of artificial intelligence is the idea that one day we'll be able to build a machine that's as smart as a human. That type of AI is called Artificial General Intelligence or AGI. The most prominent AI experts today think (including DeepMind CEO Demis Hassabis, Google AI Chief Jeff Dean, and Stanford AI director Fei-Fei Li) this would take quite a few years before it is built. The years ranged from 2029 to 2200, with the average estimate being 2099 -- 81 years from now.
The new partnership comes as its members increasingly use artificial intelligence to compete with one another in categories such as consumer electronics and business productivity software. It appears to be aimed, at least in part, at dispelling and defusing public concerns about artificial intelligence, a phrase that often inspires both rational and irrational fears. The rational ones include the prospect of economic dislocation and loss of jobs, while irrational ones--or at least premature ones--embrace science-fiction scenarios, in which robots rule the earth or society confronts the so-called singularity.