Collaborating Authors

Many 'delay seeking dementia diagnosis'

BBC News

More than half of those seeking a diagnosis for dementia have delayed going to their GP by at least a year, according to a survey carried out by the Alzheimer's Society. The charity says nearly two-thirds of people fear a diagnosis would mean their life is over. But it says an early diagnosis can actually help people to live as well as possible. And it wants everyone to confront head-on the challenges posed by dementia. In a survey of 2,000 adults, almost half thought they would have to stop driving immediately while one in five feared losing their partner or friends if they were diagnosed with dementia.

Olivia Newton-John opens up on her cancer 'mission'

BBC News

Singer and actress Olivia Newton-John has opened up about a third diagnosis for cancer, saying she believed she would "win over it". The Grease star, 69, told Australian TV show Sunday Night she was now using medicinal marijuana and other natural remedies. Newton-John survived her initial breast cancer diagnosis in 1992 but revealed that it had returned in 2013. A third diagnosis, of a tumour in the lower back, was made last year. The new diagnosis is stage 4 breast cancer that has metastasized to the spine.

Endometriosis diagnosis: 'A relief to know I wasn't mad'

BBC News

Alex Roach was 20 when she was told she had endometriosis, seven years after first suffering severe pain when her periods began. The Cardiff-based lawyer has had three lots of surgery because of the condition, which causes the womb lining to grow in other parts of the body and can lead to crippling pain, fatigue and infertility. As the disease cannot be cured, she may need further surgery and her ability to conceive could be affected. She has backed the findings of a Welsh Government investigatory report which calls for improved understanding of the condition in medical staff, earlier diagnosis and treatment, better education and more specialist help. She said of her eventual diagnosis: "It was quite bittersweet. It was a relief to know I wasn't mad."

Exploring the Duality in Conflict-Directed Model-Based Diagnosis

AAAI Conferences

A model-based diagnosis problem occurs when an observation is inconsistent with the assumption that the diagnosed system is not faulty. The task of a diagnosis engine is to compute diagnoses, which are assumptions on the health of components in the diagnosed system that explain the observation. In this paper, we extend Reiter's well-known theory of diagnosis by exploiting the duality of the relation between conflicts and diagnoses. This duality means that a diagnosis is a hitting set of conflicts, but a conflict is also a hitting set of diagnoses. We use this property to interleave the search for diagnoses and conflicts: a set of conflicts can guide the search for diagnosis, and the computed diagnoses can guide the search for more conflicts. We provide the formal basis for this dual conflict-diagnosis relation, and propose a novel diagnosis algorithm that exploits this duality. Experimental results show that the new algorithm is able to find a minimal cardinality diagnosis faster than the well-known Conflict-Directed A*.

Aaron Carter reveals he has multiple mental health diagnoses, says there is 'nothing to hide'

FOX News

Fox News Flash top entertainment and celebrity headlines for Sept. 11 are here. Check out what's clicking today in entertainment. Aaron Carter is pulling back the curtain to let the world in on his truth. The singer opened up in a huge way about his mental health struggles and revealed in a moving conversation on "The Doctors" that he's received several medical diagnoses. "The official diagnosis is that I suffer from multiple personality disorder, schizophrenia, acute anxiety; I'm manic depressive," said Carter.