From making jam with cactus fruit, to reviving traditional underground canals to defend against drought, Morocco has a leading role in the fight against climate change in Africa (PDF). One of its long-standing goals has been transforming agriculture to become more sustainable. This vital sector, which contributes almost a fifth of the country's gross domestic product, was the inspiration for the Green Morocco Plan, launched in 2008, to modernise agriculture and make it more productive and efficient. And that need remains as urgent as ever with the rising impact of global warming. Climate-related challenges in agriculture are also common to many of Morocco's African neighbours.
Over the past decade, the stellar growth of Indian economy has been challenged by persistently high levels of inflation, particularly in food prices. The primary reason behind this stubborn food inflation is mismatch in supply-demand, as domestic agricultural production has failed to keep up with rising demand owing to a number of proximate factors. The relative significance of these factors in determining the change in food prices have been analysed using gradient boosted regression trees (BRT), a machine learning technique. The results from BRT indicates all predictor variables to be fairly significant in explaining the change in food prices, with MSP and farm wages being relatively more important than others. International food prices were found to have limited relevance in explaining the variation in domestic food prices. The challenge of ensuring food and nutritional security for growing Indian population with rising incomes needs to be addressed through resolute policy reforms.
The next time you open a can of chickpeas, don't pour the liquid down the drain--stash it in your fridge. That fluid, known as aquafaba, has become quite a sensation online. That's because it can be used as a vegan alternative to dairy and eggs in everything from meringue to mayonnaise. If you're curious about this new trend but want some more info before trying it, here are five things you should know about aquafaba. Aquafaba can be the water you used to boil bagged pulses (lentils, beans, and peas, like chickpeas), or it can be the liquid from canned versions of these foods.
Indians have been tucking into curries, dhals and rice dishes since the Bronze Age, according to new research, and probably even had takeaways. Ancient Indians used advanced farming techniques to bring in rice, bean, lentils tuck into curries, dhal and rice dishes - around 5000 years ago. Archaeologists have discovered that rice was cultivated in India at the same time farming techniques were developed in China, around 2800BC, and 400 years earlier than previously thought. Research discovered that the ancient Indus Civilisation, which streched across what is now Pakistan and northwest India during the Bronze Age, had massive cities of up to 40,000 people because their advanced farming techniques meant they could grow surplus food and spices that would be traded at central hubs. The new information confirms that the Indus people were the world's earliest farmers, after they were previously thought to have learned rice farming techniques from the Chinese.
The U.S. Agriculture Department says pulse crops are 12 legumes, including peas, lentils and chickpeas, that produce an edible seed grown in a pod. The term "pulses" is limited to crops harvested solely as dry grains, which differentiates them from other vegetable crops that are harvested while still green.