Decades of research in artificial intelligence (AI) have produced formidable technologies that are providing immense benefit to industry, government, and society. AI systems can now translate across multiple languages, identify objects in images and video, streamline manufacturing processes, and control cars. The deployment of AI systems has not only created a trillion-dollar industry that is projected to quadruple in three years, but has also exposed the need to make AI systems fair, explainable, trustworthy, and secure. Future AI systems will rightfully be expected to reason effectively about the world in which they (and people) operate, handling complex tasks and responsibilities effectively and ethically, engaging in meaningful communication, and improving their awareness through experience. Achieving the full potential of AI technologies poses research challenges that require a radical transformation of the AI research enterprise, facilitated by significant and sustained investment. These are the major recommendations of a recent community effort coordinated by the Computing Community Consortium and the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence to formulate a Roadmap for AI research and development over the next two decades.
Part 3. Here's a look at industry specific companies that utilise various forms of artificial intelligence to solve some really interesting and particular problems for different markets. Basket -- e-commerce shopping cart chatbot Choice.ai AltSchool -- a platform made to improve learning capabailities Content Technologies (CTI) -- research and development company Coursera -- online courses from top universities Gradescope -- streamlines the tedious parts of grading Hugh -- helps library users find any book quickly Ivy.ai -- customer service chatbot for higher education Knewton -- personalised learning for high and primary schools Volley -- makes training and development more engaging and effective AlphaSense -- highly intelligent search functionality Alta5 -- scriptable trading automation for your online brokerage account Analytic.ai Atomwise -- for novel small molecule discovery Babylon -- online doctor consultations using AI BuddiHealth -- helps improve process, payment systems and costs with RCM Behold.ai Imagia -- helps detect changes in cancer early Kuznech -- computer vision products range Lunit Inc. -- a range of medical imaging software Zebra Medical Vision -- medical imaging to help physicians and practitioners Cape Analytics -- identify property attributes at scale for underwriting Underwrite.ai
Have you ever wondered whom to thank for some of the modern conveniences you might have started taking for granted, like Siri, Cortana or Alexa (assuming you agree these are conveniences)? The people at the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) decided to thank Geoffrey Hinton, Yoshua Bengio and Yann LeCun in April of this year by honoring them with the Turing Award for their contributions to deep learning and neural networks. These contributions are put to use every time you log into your smartphone using fingerprint or facial recognition or when you use Google Photos or a voice assistant, and likely every time you use Amazon, Netflix, Facebook or Instagram. The advances in automatic language translation and autonomous cars in recent years arguably wouldn't have progressed as rapidly had it not been for the contributions of these three researchers. All of that is still an understatement of their contributions to artificial intelligence (AI).
Its impact is drastic and real: Youtube's AIdriven recommendation system would present sports videos for days if one happens to watch a live baseball game on the platform ; email writing becomes much faster with machine learning (ML) based auto-completion ; many businesses have adopted natural language processing based chatbots as part of their customer services . AI has also greatly advanced human capabilities in complex decision-making processes ranging from determining how to allocate security resources to protect airports  to games such as poker  and Go . All such tangible and stunning progress suggests that an "AI summer" is happening. As some put it, "AI is the new electricity" . Meanwhile, in the past decade, an emerging theme in the AI research community is the so-called "AI for social good" (AI4SG): researchers aim at developing AI methods and tools to address problems at the societal level and improve the wellbeing of the society.