Collaborating Authors

Deus Ex Machina — A Higher Creative Species in the Game of Chess

AI Magazine

Computers and human beings play chess differently. The basic paradigm that computer programs employ is known as "search and evaluate." Their static evaluation is arguably more primitive than the perceptual one of humans. Yet the intelligence emerging from them is phenomenal. A human spectator would not be able to tell the difference between a brilliant computer game and one played by Kasparov. Chess played by today's machines looks extraordinary, full of imagination and creativity. Such elements may be the reason why computers are superior to humans in the sport of kings, at least for the moment. This paper article about how roles have changed: Humans play chess like machines and machines play chess the way humans used to play.

Realizing the full potential of AI in the workplace


Artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the signature issues of our time, but also one of the most easily misinterpreted. The prominent computer scientist Andrew Ng's slogan "AI is the new electricity"2 signals that AI is likely to be an economic blockbuster--a general-purpose technology3 with the potential to reshape business and societal landscapes alike. Just as electricity transformed almost everything 100 years ago, today I actually have a hard time thinking of an industry that I don't think AI will transform in the next several years.4 Such provocative statements naturally prompt the question: How will AI technologies change the role of humans in the workplaces of the future? An implicit assumption shaping many discussions of this topic might be called the "substitution" view: namely, that AI and other technologies will perform a continually expanding set of tasks better and more cheaply than humans, while humans will remain employed to perform those tasks at which machines ...

The Intelligence Enigma: Balancing the Power Between Humans and Machines


Empowering the human is a piece of the puzzle often missing from the fast-paced tech world but remains one of the most important drivers of success and true disruption. Think about the people behind the companies creating or using the most innovative technologies--even the biggest businesses rely on human creativity and emotional intelligence as much as they rely on technological development to survive, let alone thrive in the digital age. These are all digital advancements that are discussed in the context of technology and the sheer computational power of the machine. But what many business leaders fail to understand is that machines can't solve problems alone. Machines are the enabler, but without situational context and logic, these technologies can never serve as a replacement for humans.

The Chess Master and the Computer

AITopics Original Links

In 1985, in Hamburg, I played against thirty-two different chess computers at the same time in what is known as a simultaneous exhibition. I walked from one machine to the next, making my moves over a period of more than five hours. The four leading chess computer manufacturers had sent their top models, including eight named after me from the electronics firm Saitek. It illustrates the state of computer chess at the time that it didn't come as much of a surprise when I achieved a perfect 32–0 score, winning every game, although there was an uncomfortable moment. At one point I realized that I was drifting into trouble in a game against one of the "Kasparov" brand models. If this machine scored a win or even a draw, people would be quick to say that I had thrown the game to get PR for the company, so I had to intensify my efforts. Eventually I found a way to trick the machine with a sacrifice it should have refused. From the human perspective, or at least from my perspective, those were the good old days of man vs. machine chess.

Why We Shouldn't Be Scared Of Artificial Intelligence Replacing Everyone's Jobs


A long time ago, Mark Twain wrote a note to a friend in which he apologized for not having time to write a shorter letter. In other words, Twain wished he'd had more time to think deeply and craft his message more succinctly. Life was slower back then – automation was just a glint in a futurist's eye. In the digital age, my sentiment is along the same vein, but different: I'm sorry I didn't have time to write you an even more thoughtful and insightful blog that adds more value to you as a reader. Time is always short, so if I'd had a digital assistant to do my research for me, I could have written a better, more insightful blog in less time.