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Facial recognition tech sucks, but it's inevitable

#artificialintelligence

These are just some of the questions being raised by lawmakers, civil libertarians, and privacy advocates in the wake of an ACLU report released last summer that claimed Amazon's facial recognition software, Rekognition, misidentified 28 members of congress as criminals. Rekognition is a general-purpose, application programming interface (API) developers can use to build applications that can detect and analyze scenes, objects, faces, and other items within images. The source of the controversy was a pilot program in which Amazon teamed up with the police departments of two cities, Orlando, Florida and Washington County, Oregon, to explore the use of facial recognition in law enforcement. In January 2019, the Daily Mail reported that the FBI has been testing Rekognition since early 2018. The Project on Government Oversight also revealed via a Freedom of Information Act request that Amazon had also pitched Rekognition to ICE in June 2018.


How the Police Use Facial Recognition, and Where It Falls Short

#artificialintelligence

After a high-speed chase north of Orlando, Fla., sheriff's deputies punctured the tires of a stolen Dodge Magnum and brought it to a stop. They arrested the driver, but couldn't determine who he was. The man had no identification card. He passed out after stuffing something into his mouth. And his fingerprints, the deputies reported, appeared to have been chewed off.


Why are Artificial Intelligence systems biased?

#artificialintelligence

A machine-learned AI system used to assess recidivism risks in Broward County, Fla., often gave higher risk scores to African Americans than to whites, even when the latter had criminal records. The popular sentence-completion facility in Google Mail was caught assuming that an "investor" must be a male. A celebrated natural language generator called GPT, with an uncanny ability to write polished-looking essays for any prompt, produced seemingly racist and sexist completions when given prompts about minorities. Amazon found, to its consternation, that an automated AI-based hiring system it built didn't seem to like female candidates. Commercial gender-recognition systems put out by industrial heavy-weights, including Amazon, IBM and Microsoft, have been shown to suffer from high misrecognition rates for people of color.


Why are Artificial Intelligence systems biased?

#artificialintelligence

A machine-learned AI system used to assess recidivism risks in Broward County, Fla., often gave higher risk scores to African Americans than to whites, even when the latter had criminal records. The popular sentence-completion facility in Google Mail was caught assuming that an "investor" must be a male. A celebrated natural language generator called GPT, with an uncanny ability to write polished-looking essays for any prompt, produced seemingly racist and sexist completions when given prompts about minorities. Amazon found, to its consternation, that an automated AI-based hiring system it built didn't seem to like female candidates. Commercial gender-recognition systems put out by industrial heavy-weights, including Amazon, IBM and Microsoft, have been shown to suffer from high misrecognition rates for people of color.


City of Orlando did not renew surveillance partnership with Amazon

Mashable

The City of Orlando is no longer using Amazon to surveil its residents (for now). The Orlando Police Department and the city issued a joint statement today that announced they were no longer using Rekognition, Amazon's deep-learning technology that can identify every face in a crowd. "Staff continues to discuss and evaluate whether to recommend continuation of the pilot at a further date," reads the statement obtained by Mashable, which was issued as a response to the ACLU of Florida sending a letter of dissent to city-level officials. "At this time that process in still ongoing and the contract with Amazon remains expired." The City of Orlando did not end its partnership with Amazon as a result of public outcry, however.