Receiving a flu shot while pregnant will not put a child at risk of later being diagnosed with autism. A new study published Tuesday in JAMA Pediatrics concluded that there is no link that finds the children of women who catch the flu while pregnant or receive a flu shot during pregnancy are later diagnosed with autism. The study pulled medical records from 196,929 children all born at the same Northern California hospital, Kaiser Permanente facilities, between 2000 and 2010. Of those, 3,101 were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, NPR reported. Although there was no direct link found in mothers who had the flu while pregnant and their child being diagnosed with autism, there was a slight increased risk for mothers who received a flu vaccine during their first trimester.
An artist's impression of the European Space Agency's Rosetta probe, which aims to be the first to land on a comet. Several research groups, including a team led by geneticist Erika Sasaki and stem-cell biologist Hideyuki Okano at Keio University in Tokyo, hope to create transgenic primates with immune-system deficiencies or brain disorders. This could raise ethical concerns, but might bring us closer to therapies that are relevant to humans (mice can be poor models for such disorders). The work will probably make use of a gene-editing method called CRISPR, which saw rapid take-up last year. The European Space Agency's Rosetta spacecraft could become the first mission to land a probe on a comet.
But Dr. Colleen Coleman did so by going under the knife to help an ailing colleague who desperately needed a kidney. Coleman donated to Dr. Brian Dunn, an anesthesiologist she works with at Hoag Hospital Newport Beach whose kidneys failed from chemotherapy he received as a teenager to treat a stomach tumor. Coleman came through after one donor withdrew her offer and Dunn's doctor advised him against accepting a kidney from a patient with Lou Gehrig's disease. "I thought, it's not going to happen," Dunn told The Orange County Register. He had received a kidney from his mother when he was 25, but donated kidneys don't last forever.
In 1983, the IBM PC XT debuted with 128K of RAM and a 10MB hard disk. In that same year, the first mobile phone debuted weighing about 2.5 pounds and with a $4,000 price tag. Fast forward to today and the average person unlocks their smartphone 76-80 times a day and relies on it for every aspect of their lives. These amazing pieces of hardware are millions of times more capable than all of NASA's computing power in the 1960s. Now that we have a supercomputer that never leaves people's sides, maybe it's time that we do some more innovation and see how that device can be used for "mobile health".
Kicking off this year's Nobel Prize announcements, the Nobel Assembly at Sweden's Karolinska Institutet on Monday awarded the 2016 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine to the Japanese cell biologist Yoshinori Ohsumi for his discoveries of mechanisms for "autophagy." Autophagy -- a word derived from the Greek words auto, meaning "self", and phagein, meaning "to eat" -- is a fundamental process for degrading and recycling cellular components. Disruptions in the normal autophagic process have been linked to Parkinson's disease, type 2 diabetes and other disorders among the elderly, while mutations in genes controlling autophagy can cause debilitating genetic diseases. Ohsumi, who is the 23rd Nobel laureate born in Japan, identified 15 genes in yeast mutants essential for this process to take place. Autophagy "self eating" is a process for degrading and recycling cellular components #NobelPrize #Medicine pic.twitter.com/glNWLPjxHe