Mission Planning and Analysis Division Technology Development and Applications Branch The Technology Development and Applications Branch of the Space Operations Directorate has the following functional responsibilities: (1) the evaluation, assessment, and implementation of new technology from NASA research centers, industries and universities relative to JSC space operation applications; (2) development of in-house capabilities for assessment and implementation of new technologies; and (3) prototype development and demonstrations of new technologies. Specific applications of artificial intelligence include robotic simulations, interactive graphics, information communication, man-machine interface, expert systems, automated software development, intelligent computer-aided instruction, intelligent computeraided engineering, expert system builders, parallel processing, and software verification and validation. Robotic Systems Development This project will develop a robotic software test bed that integrates artificial intelligence and graphics system technologies for dynamic system simulations. Specific objectives are (1) to develop a clearer understanding of the computing, communications, and control capabilities needed for coordinated robotic manipulation of objects in a spacebased environment; (2) to develop an understanding of tradeoffs and the complementary relationships between graphic simulation modules and empirical test-bed modules with respect to robotic subsystem design, development, and proof-of-concept demonstrations; (3) to identify requirements for integrating coordinated intelligent robotic units with the evolutionary space station network of computing systems, communications and control systems, and common service and hardware-software elements; and (4) to identify short-and long-term technology needs. In the process, technical issues such as perception, automated aids for problem solving, cognition and learn-Kathleen Healey is Special Assistant at the Simulation and Avionics Integration Division, Research and Engineering Directorate, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas 77058.
Research and applications work in AI is being conducted by several groups at Johnson Space Center (JSC). These are primarily independent groups that interact with each other on an informal basis. In the Research and Engineering Directorate, these groups include (1) the Artificial Intelligence and Information Sciences Office, (2) the Simulation and Avionics Integration Division, (3) the Avionics Systems Division (ASD), and (4) the Tracking and Communications Division. In the Space Operations Directorate, these groups include (1) the Mission Planning and Analysis Division - Technology Development and Applications Branch, (2) the Spacecraft Software Division, and (3) the Systems Division-Systems Support Section. The first part of the article describes the AI work in Research and Engineering Directorate. The second part of the article, to be published in the Conference edition of the AI Magazine, describes the AI work in the Space Operations Directorate
The Artificial Intelligence and Information Sciences Office of the Research and Engineering Directorate at the Johnson Space Center (JSC) has as its basic responsibility the function of "consulting through research," that is, matching technology in universities, industry, and other NASA centers to space station applications. This requires staying abreast of the state of the art by conducting technology development and applications research in knowledge-based systems, machine vision, and robotics. A significant contribution of the AI office is the support of space station system engineering and integration (SE&I) activities. The AI office was formed in October 1984 and currently has a staff of twelve civil service personnel. Facilities include a Symbolics 3600 and a Symbolics 3670; a VAX 11/780 operating under ULTRIX (a Unix lookalike); and a robotics laboratory with a multiple-arm mobile robot, vision sensors, and mock-ups for simulating satellite servicing.
The MITRE Corporation is a scientific and technical an acronym for Knowledge-Based System. Subsequently, organization engaged in system engineering activities, Rome Air Development Center took over support of the principally in support of the United States Air Force and project and continues to fund part of our AI research effort. MITRE is a special kind of engineering MITRE's current research is summarized below. The corporation is a Federal Contract Bedford center is supported by 15 Symbolics Lisp machines Research Center, a designation covering the handful netted to two Vax-780 file servers, while the Washington of independent institutions that perform governmentsponsored center is supported by both a classified and an unclassified research. It is an independent, nonprofit corporation facility, with 2 Lambdas and 2 Symbolics Lisp machines designed and m.anagcd to provide long-term assistance respectively netted to Vax-780 file servers.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is being challenged to perform more frequent and intensive space-exploration missions at greatly reduced cost. Nowhere is this challenge more acute than among robotic planetary exploration missions that the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) conducts for NASA. This article describes recent and ongoing work on spacecraft autonomy and ground systems that builds on a legacy of existing success at JPL applying AI techniques to challenging computational problems in planning and scheduling, real-time monitoring and control, scientific data analysis, and design automation.