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A Strategy for Adaptive Sampling of Multi-fidelity Gaussian Process to Reduce Predictive Uncertainty

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Multi-fidelity Gaussian process is a common approach to address the extensive computationally demanding algorithms such as optimization, calibration and uncertainty quantification. Adaptive sampling for multi-fidelity Gaussian process is a changing task due to the fact that not only we seek to estimate the next sampling location of the design variable, but also the level of the simulator fidelity. This issue is often addressed by including the cost of the simulator as an another factor in the searching criterion in conjunction with the uncertainty reduction metric. In this work, we extent the traditional design of experiment framework for the multi-fidelity Gaussian process by partitioning the prediction uncertainty based on the fidelity level and the associated cost of execution. In addition, we utilize the concept of Believer which quantifies the effect of adding an exploratory design point on the Gaussian process uncertainty prediction. We demonstrated our framework using academic examples as well as a industrial application of steady-state thermodynamic operation point of a fluidized bed process


Multi-fidelity classification using Gaussian processes: accelerating the prediction of large-scale computational models

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Machine learning techniques typically rely on large datasets to create accurate classifiers. However, there are situations when data is scarce and expensive to acquire. This is the case of studies that rely on state-of-the-art computational models which typically take days to run, thus hindering the potential of machine learning tools. In this work, we present a novel classifier that takes advantage of lower fidelity models and inexpensive approximations to predict the binary output of expensive computer simulations. We postulate an autoregressive model between the different levels of fidelity with Gaussian process priors. We adopt a fully Bayesian treatment for the hyper-parameters and use Markov Chain Mont Carlo samplers. We take advantage of the probabilistic nature of the classifier to implement active learning strategies. We also introduce a sparse approximation to enhance the ability of themulti-fidelity classifier to handle large datasets. We test these multi-fidelity classifiers against their single-fidelity counterpart with synthetic data, showing a median computational cost reduction of 23% for a target accuracy of 90%. In an application to cardiac electrophysiology, the multi-fidelity classifier achieves an F1 score, the harmonic mean of precision and recall, of 99.6% compared to 74.1% of a single-fidelity classifier when both are trained with 50 samples. In general, our results show that the multi-fidelity classifiers outperform their single-fidelity counterpart in terms of accuracy in all cases. We envision that this new tool will enable researchers to study classification problems that would otherwise be prohibitively expensive. Source code is available at https://github.com/fsahli/MFclass.


MFNets: Learning network representations for multifidelity surrogate modeling

arXiv.org Machine Learning

This paper presents an approach for constructing multifidelity surrogate models to simultaneously represent, and learn representations of, multiple information sources. The approach formulates a network of surrogate models whose relationships are defined via localized scalings and shifts. The network can have general structure, and can represent a significantly greater variety of modeling relationships than the hierarchical/recursive networks used in the current state of the art. We show empirically that this flexibility achieves greatest gains in the low-data regime, where the network structure must more efficiently leverage the connections between data sources to yield accurate predictions. We demonstrate our approach on four examples ranging from synthetic to physics-based simulation models. For the numerical test cases adopted here, we obtained an order-of-magnitude reduction in errors compared to multifidelity hierarchical and single-fidelity approaches.


Bifidelity data-assisted neural networks in nonintrusive reduced-order modeling

arXiv.org Machine Learning

In this paper, we present a new nonintrusive reduced basis method when a cheap low-fidelity model and expensive high-fidelity model are available. The method relies on proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) to generate the high-fidelity reduced basis and a shallow multilayer perceptron to learn the high-fidelity reduced coefficients. In contrast to other methods, one distinct feature of the proposed method is to incorporate the features extracted from the low-fidelity data as the input feature, this approach not only improves the predictive capability of the neural network but also enables the decoupling the high-fidelity simulation from the online stage. Due to its nonin-trusive nature, it is applicable to general parameterized problems. We also provide several numerical examples to illustrate the effectiveness and performance of the proposed method.


A support vector regression-based multi-fidelity surrogate model

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Computational simulations with different fidelity have been widely used in engineering design. A high-fidelity (HF) model is generally more accurate but also more time-consuming than an low-fidelity (LF) model. To take advantages of both HF and LF models, multi-fidelity surrogate models that aim to integrate information from both HF and LF models have gained increasing popularity. In this paper, a multi-fidelity surrogate model based on support vector regression named as Co_SVR is developed by combining HF and LF models. In Co_SVR, a kernel function is used to map the map the difference between the HF and LF models. Besides, a heuristic algorithm is used to obtain the optimal parameters of Co_SVR. The proposed Co_SVR is compared with two popular multi-fidelity surrogate models Co_Kriging model, Co_RBF model, and their single-fidelity surrogates through several numerical cases and a pressure vessel design problem. The results show that Co_SVR provides competitive prediction accuracy for numerical cases, and presents a better performance compared with the Co_Kriging and Co_RBF models and single-fidelity surrogate models.