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Read "Funding a Revolution: Government Support for Computing Research" at

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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The analytics academy: Bridging the gap between human and artificial intelligence


The rise of artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the defining business opportunities for leaders today. Closely associated with it: the challenge of creating an organization that can rise to that opportunity and exploit the potential of AI at scale. Meeting this challenge requires organizations to prepare their leaders, business staff, analytics teams, and end users to work and think in new ways--not only by helping these cohorts understand how to tap into AI effectively, but also by teaching them to embrace data exploration, agile development, and interdisciplinary teamwork. Often, companies use an ad hoc approach to their talent-building efforts. They hire new workers equipped with these skills in spurts and rely on online-learning platforms, universities, and executive-level programs to train existing employees.

[Letter] Measures of success


Young scientists should be valued by their commitment to education, their dedication to fighting inequality in science, and their efforts to democratize science.

Crisis threatens science progress


Years of sociopolitical unrest in Nicaragua and Venezuela have given rise to a human rights and humanitarian crisis in Latin America. Last week, the situation in both countries took a serious turn. In Nicaragua, the government began negotiations with the opposition to end the political crisis, while continuing to repress and harass university students and independent media. In Venezuela, the escalating crisis resulted in the blocking and burning of humanitarian aid at the border--a development that was widely condemned by the rest of the world. Political instability and insecurity in both countries have had a disastrous economic impact on many sectors.

Improving societies' harassment policies


As Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) professors, teachers, and mentors, we are acutely aware of the harm that can be done by sexual harassment and other discriminatory behaviors, which negatively affect the careers of young scientists and hamper our efforts to diversify the scientific workforce and professoriate. We applaud the recent report on sexual harassment of women, climate, and culture from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the recommendations therein (1). Scientific societies can play an important role in changing discriminatory culture. A number of societies have recently implemented or improved codes of conduct. The American Geophysical Union includes harassment as a form of scientific misconduct under its new ethics policy (2, 3).