Xu, Zenglin, Jin, Rong, Zhu, Jianke, King, Irwin, Lyu, Michael, Yang, Zhirong

We discuss the framework of Transductive Support Vector Machine (TSVM) from the perspective of the regularization strength induced by the unlabeled data. In this framework, SVM and TSVM can be regarded as a learning machine without regularization and one with full regularization from the unlabeled data, respectively. Therefore, to supplement this framework of the regularization strength, it is necessary to introduce data-dependant partial regularization. To this end, we reformulate TSVM into a form with controllable regularization strength, which includes SVM and TSVM as special cases. Furthermore, we introduce a method of adaptive regularization that is data dependant and is based on the smoothness assumption.

Xu, Zenglin, Jin, Rong, Zhu, Jianke, King, Irwin, Lyu, Michael, Yang, Zhirong

We discuss the framework of Transductive Support Vector Machine (TSVM) from the perspective of the regularization strength induced by the unlabeled data. In this framework, SVM and TSVM can be regarded as a learning machine without regularization and one with full regularization from the unlabeled data, respectively. Therefore, to supplement this framework of the regularization strength, it is necessary to introduce data-dependant partial regularization. To this end, we reformulate TSVM into a form with controllable regularization strength, which includes SVM and TSVM as special cases. Furthermore, we introduce a method of adaptive regularization that is data dependant and is based on the smoothness assumption. Experiments on a set of benchmark data sets indicate the promising results of the proposed work compared with state-of-the-art TSVM algorithms.

Masnadi-Shirazi, Hamed, Vasconcelos, Nuno, Iranmehr, Arya

A new procedure for learning cost-sensitive SVM(CS-SVM) classifiers is proposed. The SVM hinge loss is extended to the cost sensitive setting, and the CS-SVM is derived as the minimizer of the associated risk. The extension of the hinge loss draws on recent connections between risk minimization and probability elicitation. These connections are generalized to cost-sensitive classification, in a manner that guarantees consistency with the cost-sensitive Bayes risk, and associated Bayes decision rule. This ensures that optimal decision rules, under the new hinge loss, implement the Bayes-optimal cost-sensitive classification boundary. Minimization of the new hinge loss is shown to be a generalization of the classic SVM optimization problem, and can be solved by identical procedures. The dual problem of CS-SVM is carefully scrutinized by means of regularization theory and sensitivity analysis and the CS-SVM algorithm is substantiated. The proposed algorithm is also extended to cost-sensitive learning with example dependent costs. The minimum cost sensitive risk is proposed as the performance measure and is connected to ROC analysis through vector optimization. The resulting algorithm avoids the shortcomings of previous approaches to cost-sensitive SVM design, and is shown to have superior experimental performance on a large number of cost sensitive and imbalanced datasets.

Smola, Alex J., Schölkopf, Bernhard

Support Vector (SV) Machines for pattern recognition, regression estimation and operator inversion exploit the idea of transforming into a high dimensional feature space where they perform a linear algorithm. Instead of evaluating this map explicitly, one uses Hilbert Schmidt Kernels k(x, y) which correspond to dot products of the mapped data in high dimensional space, i.e. k(x,y) ( I (x) · I (y)) (I) with I: .!Rn --*:F denoting the map into feature space. Mostly, this map and many of its properties are unknown. Even worse, so far no general rule was available.