Despite what you may think, face recognition surveillance isn't inevitable


Last year, communities banded together to prove that they can--and will--defend their privacy rights. As part of ACLU-led campaigns, three California cities--San Francisco, Berkeley, and Oakland--as well as three Massachusetts municipalities--Somerville, Northhampton, and Brookline--banned the government's use of face recognition from their communities. Following another ACLU effort, the state of California blocked police body cam use of the technology, forcing San Diego's police department to shutter its massive face surveillance flop. And in New York City, tenants successfully fended off their landlord's efforts to install face surveillance. Even the private sector demonstrated it had a responsibility to act in the face of the growing threat of face surveillance.

How an AI Startup Could Defeat Now Unbeatable Bugs NVIDIA Blog


The need for new medications is higher than ever, but so is the cost and time to bring them to market. Developing a new drug can cost billions and take as long as 14 years, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Yet with all that effort, only 8 percent of drugs make it to market, the FDA said. "We need to make smarter decisions about which potential medicines we develop and test," said Abraham Heifets, co-founder of San Francisco-based startup Atomwise. The six-year-old company, a member of our Inception startup incubator program, is working to make that happen by using GPU-accelerated deep learning to predict which molecules are most likely to lead to treatments.

FDA Clears GE Healthcare's AI Triage Algorithm on X-Ray Device


The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cleared an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm from GE Healthcare that analyzes chest x-rays for pneumothorax and helps flag suspected cases for radiologists to prioritize reading, the company announced today. The algorithm, part of a set of other quality-assurance algorithms named the Critical Care Suite, was developed to run on a GE Healthcare mobile x-ray device. The software is not yet for sale, and an outside expert expressed concern about its false positive rate. The idea for the application came from bedside clinician experience of waiting for radiologists to read chest x-rays, said Rachael Callcut, MD, MSPH, a surgeon and director of data science for the Center for Digital Health Innovation at the University of California, San Francisco. UCSF proposed developing the feature as part of a development partnership with GE Healthcare.

Fault Diagnosis of Antenna Pointing Systems using Hybrid Neural Network and Signal Processing Models

Neural Information Processing Systems

Padhraic Smyth, J eft" Mellstrom Jet Propulsion Laboratory 238-420 California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA 91109 Abstract We describe in this paper a novel application of neural networks to system health monitoring of a large antenna for deep space communications. The paper outlines our approach to building a monitoring system using hybrid signal processing and neural network techniques, including autoregressive modelling, pattern recognition, and Hidden Markov models. We discuss several problems which are somewhat generic in applications of this kind - in particular we address the problem of detecting classes which were not present in the training data. Experimental results indicate that the proposed system is sufficiently reliable for practical implementation. 1 Background: The Deep Space Network The Deep Space Network (DSN) (designed and operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)) is unique in terms of ...

IBM Watson: Not So Elementary


It's now a hired gun for thousands of companies in at least 20 industries. David Kenny took the helm of IBM's Watson Group ibm in February, after Big Blue acquired The Weather Company, where Kenny had served as CEO. In the months since then, the Watson business has grown dramatically, with well over 100,000 developers worldwide now working with more than three dozen Watson application program interfaces (APIs). Fortune Deputy Editor Clifton Leaf caught up with Kenny in mid-October, when IBM Watson's General Manager was in San Francisco, getting ready to open Watson West--the AI system's newest business outpost--and to launch the company's second World of Watson conference, a gathering of its burgeoning ecosystem of partners and users, in Las Vegas on Oct. 24. KENNY: Deep learning is a subset of machine learning, which essentially is a set of algorithms. Deep-learning uses more advanced things like convolutional neural networks, which basically means you can look at things more deeply into more layers. Machine learning could work, for example, when it came to reading text.