Emerging Applications for Intelligent Diabetes Management

AI Magazine

It is a difficult task for physicians, who must manually interpret large volumes of blood glucose data to tailor therapy to the needs of each patient. This paper describes three emerging applications that employ AI to ease this task: (1) case-based decision support for diabetes management; (2) machine-learning classification of blood glucose plots; and (3) support vector regression for blood glucose prediction. The first application provides decision support by detecting blood glucose control problems and recommending therapeutic adjustments to correct them. The second provides an automated screen for excessive glycemic variability. The third aims to build a hypoglycemia predictor that could alert patients to dangerously low blood glucose levels in time to take preventive action.


Emerging Applications for Intelligent Diabetes Management

AAAI Conferences

Diabetes management is a difficult task for patients, who must monitor and control their blood glucose levels in order to avoid serious diabetic complications. It is a difficult task for physicians, who must manually interpret large volumes of blood glucose data to tailor therapy to the needs of each patient. This paper describes three emerging applications that employ AI to ease this task and shares difficulties encountered in transitioning AI technology from university researchers to patients and physicians.


A Machine Learning Approach to Predicting Blood Glucose Levels for Diabetes Management

AAAI Conferences

Patients with diabetes must continually monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust insulin doses, striving to keep blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible. Blood glucose levels that deviate from the normal range can lead to serious short-term and long-term complications. An automatic prediction model that warned people of imminent changes in their blood glucose levels would enable them to take preventive action. In this paper, we describe a solution that uses a generic physiological model of blood glucose dynamics to generate informative features for a Support Vector Regression model that is trained on patient specific data. The new model outperforms diabetes experts at predicting blood glucose levels and could be used to anticipate almost a quarter of hypoglycemic events 30 minutes in advance. Although the corresponding precision is currently just 42%, most false alarms are in near-hypoglycemic regions and therefore patients responding to these hypoglycemia alerts would not be harmed by intervention.


Emerging Applications for Intelligent Diabetes Management

AI Magazine

Diabetes management is a difficult task for patients, who must monitor and control their blood glucose levels in order to avoid serious diabetic complications. This paper describes three emerging applications that employ AI to ease this task: (1) case-based decision support for diabetes management; (2) machine learning classification of blood glucose plots; and (3) support vector regression for blood glucose prediction. The first application provides decision support by detecting blood glucose control problems and recommending therapeutic adjustments to correct them. The third aims to build a hypoglycemia predictor that could alert patients to dangerously low blood glucose levels in time to take preventive action.


Fuzzy Expert System for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) Management Using Dual Inference Mechanism

AAAI Conferences

Fuzzy logic is an important technique for modeling uncertainty in expert systems (i.e., in cases where inferencing of conclusion from given evidence is difficult to ascertain). This paper proposes a fuzzy expert system framework that combines case-based and rule-based reasoning effectively to produce a usable tool for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) management. The major targets are on combined therapies (i.e., lifestyle and pharmacologic), and the recognition of management data dynamics (trends) during reasoning. The Knowledge base (KB) is constructed using fuzzified input values which are subsequently de-fuzziffied after reasoning, to produce crisp outputs to patients in the form of low-risk advice. The extended framework features a combined reasoning approach for simplified output in the form of decision support for clinicians. With seven operational input variables and two additional pre-set variables for testing, the results of the proposed work will be compared with other methods using similarity to expert’s decision as metrics.