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Soft Concept Analysis

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

In this chapter we discuss soft concept analysis, a study which identifies an enriched notion of "conceptual scale" as developed in formal concept analysis with an enriched notion of "linguistic variable" as discussed in fuzzy logic. The identification "enriched conceptual scale" = "enriched linguistic variable" was made in a previous paper (Enriched interpretation, Robert E. Kent). In this chapter we offer further arguments for the importance of this identification by discussing the philosophy, spirit, and practical application of conceptual scaling to the discovery, conceptual analysis, interpretation, and categorization of networked information resources. We argue that a linguistic variable, which has been defined at just the right generalization of valuated categories, provides a natural definition for the process of soft conceptual scaling. This enrichment using valuated categories models the relation of indiscernability, a notion of central importance in rough set theory. At a more fundamental level for soft concept analysis, it also models the derivation of formal concepts, a process of central importance in formal concept analysis. Soft concept analysis is synonymous with enriched concept analysis. From one viewpoint, the study of soft concept analysis that is initiated here extends formal concept analysis to soft computational structures. From another viewpoint, soft concept analysis provides a natural foundation for soft computation by unifying and explaining notions from soft computation in terms of suitably generalized notions from formal concept analysis, rough set theory and fuzzy set theory.


The State of the Art in Developing Fuzzy Ontologies: A Survey

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Conceptual formalism supported by typical ontologies may not be sufficient to represent uncertainty information which is caused due to the lack of clear cut boundaries between concepts of a domain. Fuzzy ontologies are proposed to offer a way to deal with this uncertainty. This paper describes the state of the art in developing fuzzy ontologies. The survey is produced by studying about 35 works on developing fuzzy ontologies from a batch of 100 articles in the field of fuzzy ontologies.


Interval type-2 Beta Fuzzy Near set based approach to content based image retrieval

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Abstract-- In an automated search system, similarity is a key concept in solving a human task. Indeed, human process is usually a natural categorization that underlies many natural abilities such as image recovery, language comprehension, decision making, or pattern recognition. In the image search axis, there are several ways to measure the similarity between images in an image database, to a query image. Image search by content is based on the similarity of the visual characteristics of the images. The distance function used to evaluate the similarity between images depends on the criteria of the search but also on the representation of the characteristics of the image; this is the main idea of the near and fuzzy sets approaches. In this article, we introduce a new category of beta type-2 fuzzy sets for the description of image characteristics as well as the near sets approach for image recovery. Finally, we illustrate our work with examples of image recovery problems used in the real world. I. INTRODUCTION He number of daily-generated images by websites and personal archives are constantly growing. Indeed, the effective management of the rapid expansion of visual information has become a major problem and a necessity for strengthening visual search technique based on visual content [3]. This necessity is behind the emergence of new visual search techniques based on visual content. It has been widely identified that the most efficient and intuitive way to research visual information is based on the properties that are extracted from the images themselves. Researchers from different communities ("Computer Vision" [4], "Database Management", "Man-machine Interface", "Information Retrieval") were attracted by this field. Since then, the search for images by content has developed quite rapidly. The intuitive idea of "any system that analyzes or automatically organizes a set of data or knowledge must use, in one form or another, a similarity operator whose purpose is to establish similarities or the relationships that exist between the manipulated information".


Concept Embedding for Information Retrieval

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Concepts are used to solve the term-mismatch problem. However, we need an effective similarity measure between concepts. Word embedding presents a promising solution. We present in this study three approaches to build concepts vectors based on words vectors. We use a vector-based measure to estimate inter-concepts similarity. Our experiments show promising results. Furthermore, words and concepts become comparable. This could be used to improve conceptual indexing process.


Intelligent Time-Aware Query Translation for Text Sources

AAAI Conferences

This paper describes a system called SITAC based on our proposed approach to discover concepts (called SITACs) in text archives that are identical semantically but alter their names over time. Our approach integrates natural language processing, association rule mining and contextual similarity to discover SITACs in order to answer historical queries over text corpora.