SAGA: A Submodular Greedy Algorithm For Group Recommendation Machine Learning

In this paper, we propose a unified framework and an algorithm for the problem of group recommendation where a fixed number of items or alternatives can be recommended to a group of users. The problem of group recommendation arises naturally in many real world contexts, and is closely related to the budgeted social choice problem studied in economics. We frame the group recommendation problem as choosing a subgraph with the largest group consensus score in a completely connected graph defined over the item affinity matrix. We propose a fast greedy algorithm with strong theoretical guarantees, and show that the proposed algorithm compares favorably to the state-of-the-art group recommendation algorithms according to commonly used relevance and coverage performance measures on benchmark dataset.

Development of a hybrid learning system based on SVM, ANFIS and domain knowledge: DKFIS Machine Learning

This paper presents the development of a hybrid learning system based on Support Vector Machines (SVM), Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) and domain knowledge to solve prediction problem. The proposed two-stage Domain Knowledge based Fuzzy Information System (DKFIS) improves the prediction accuracy attained by ANFIS alone. The proposed framework has been implemented on a noisy and incomplete dataset acquired from a hydrocarbon field located at western part of India. Here, oil saturation has been predicted from four different well logs i.e. gamma ray, resistivity, density, and clay volume. In the first stage, depending on zero or near zero and non-zero oil saturation levels the input vector is classified into two classes (Class 0 and Class 1) using SVM. The classification results have been further fine-tuned applying expert knowledge based on the relationship among predictor variables i.e. well logs and target variable - oil saturation. Second, an ANFIS is designed to predict non-zero (Class 1) oil saturation values from predictor logs. The predicted output has been further refined based on expert knowledge. It is apparent from the experimental results that the expert intervention with qualitative judgment at each stage has rendered the prediction into the feasible and realistic ranges. The performance analysis of the prediction in terms of four performance metrics such as correlation coefficient (CC), root mean square error (RMSE), and absolute error mean (AEM), scatter index (SI) has established DKFIS as a useful tool for reservoir characterization.

Desaturating EUV observations of solar flaring storms Artificial Intelligence

Image saturation has been an issue for several instruments in solar astronomy, mainly at EUV wavelengths. However, with the launch of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) as part of the payload of the Solar Dynamic Observatory (SDO) image saturation has become a big data issue, involving around 10^$ frames of the impressive dataset this beautiful telescope has been providing every year since February 2010. This paper introduces a novel desaturation method, which is able to recover the signal in the saturated region of any AIA image by exploiting no other information but the one contained in the image itself. This peculiar methodological property, jointly with the unprecedented statistical reliability of the desaturated images, could make this algorithm the perfect tool for the realization of a reconstruction pipeline for AIA data, able to work properly even in the case of long-lasting, very energetic flaring events.

A Novel Framework based on SVDD to Classify Water Saturation from Seismic Attributes Machine Learning

Water saturation is an important property in reservoir engineering domain. Thus, satisfactory classification of water saturation from seismic attributes is beneficial for reservoir characterization. However, diverse and non-linear nature of subsurface attributes makes the classification task difficult. In this context, this paper proposes a generalized Support Vector Data Description (SVDD) based novel classification framework to classify water saturation into two classes (Class high and Class low) from three seismic attributes seismic impedance, amplitude envelop, and seismic sweetness. G-metric means and program execution time are used to quantify the performance of the proposed framework along with established supervised classifiers. The documented results imply that the proposed framework is superior to existing classifiers. The present study is envisioned to contribute in further reservoir modeling.

Spectral Analysis of Latent Representations Machine Learning

We propose a metric, Layer Saturation, defined as the proportion of the number of eigenvalues needed to explain 99% of the variance of the latent representations, for analyzing the learned representations of neural network layers. Saturation is based on spectral analysis and can be computed efficiently, making live analysis of the representations practical during training. We provide an outlook for future applications of this metric by outlining the behaviour of layer saturation in different neural architectures and problems. We further show that saturation is related to the generalization and predictive performance of neural networks.