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A Topic-Based Coherence Model for Statistical Machine Translation

AAAI Conferences

Coherence that ties sentences of a text into a meaningfully connected structure is of great importance to text generation and translation. In this paper, we propose a topic-based coherence model to produce coherence for document translation, in terms of the continuity of sentence topics in a text. We automatically extract a coherence chain for each source text to be translated. Based on the extracted source coherence chain, we adopt a maximum entropy classifier to predict the target coherence chain that defines a linear topic structure for the target document. The proposed topic-based coherence model then uses the predicted target coherence chain to help decoder select coherent word/phrase translations. Our experiments show that incorporating the topic-based coherence model into machine translation achieves substantial improvement over both the baseline and previous methods that integrate document topics rather than coherence chains into machine translation.


Zhang

AAAI Conferences

Initiated by TAC 2010, aspect-guided summaries not only address specific user need, but also ameliorate content-level coherence by using aspect information. This paper presents a full-fledged system composed of three modules: finding sentence-level textual aspects, modeling aspect-based coherence with an HMM model, and selecting and ordering sentences with aspect information to generate coherent summaries. The evaluation results on the TAC 2011 datasets show the superiority of aspect-guided summaries in terms of both information coverage and textual coherence.


Stumbling Toward Coherence

Slate

What is also true, however, is that the decline of America's traded sector is not inevitable. As Setser has suggested, the rise of offshoring hasn't been entirely driven by economic fundamentals. It's also been a product of the desire of U.S. multinationals to book their profits in tax havens and to take advantage of crony-capitalist (or shrewdly opportunistic) subsidies many foreign governments are eager to dole out. Trump would do well to advocate a more strategic approach to trade. The U.S. should indeed fight mercantilist policies in China, as Rob Atkinson and Oren Cass have argued.


Wu

AAAI Conferences

Coherence plays a critical role in producing a high-quality summary from a document. In recent years, neural extractive summarization is becoming increasingly attractive. However, most of them ignore the coherence of summaries when extracting sentences. As an effort towards extracting coherent summaries, we propose a neural coherence model to capture the cross-sentence semantic and syntactic coherence patterns. The proposed neural coherence model obviates the need for feature engineering and can be trained in an end-to-end fashion using unlabeled data.


Casini

AAAI Conferences

We consider the problem of obtaining coherence in a propositional knowledge base using techniques from Belief Change. Our motivation comes from the field of formal ontologies where coherence is interpreted to mean that a concept name has to be satisfiable. In the propositional case we consider here, this translates to a propositional formula being satisfiable. We define belief change operators in a framework of nonmonotonic preferential reasoning.We show how the introduction of defeasible information using contraction operators can be an effective means for obtaining coherence.