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Query Containment in Description Logics Reconsidered

AAAI Conferences

While query answering in the presence of description logic (DL) ontologies is a well-studied problem, questions of static analysis such as query containment and query optimization have received less attention. In this paper, we study a rather general version of query containment that, unlike the classical version, cannot be reduced to query answering. First, we allow a restriction to be placed on the vocabulary used in the instance data, which can result in shorter equivalent queries; and second, we allow each query its own ontology rather than assuming a single ontology for both queries, which is crucial in applications to versioning and modularity. We also study global minimization of queries in the presence of DL ontologies, which is more subtle than for classical databases as minimal queries need not be isomorphic.


Generalized Ontology-Based Production Systems

AAAI Conferences

We define generalized ontology-based production systems (GOPSs), which formalize a very general and powerful combination of ontologies and production systems. We show that GOPSs capture and generalize many existing formal notions of production systems. We introduce a powerful verification query language for GOPSs, which is able to express the most relevant formal properties of production systems previously considered in the literature. We establish a general sufficient condition for the decidability of answering verification queries over GOPSs. Then, we define Lite-GOPS, a particular class of GOPSs based on the use of a light-weight ontology language (DL-Llite_A), a light-weight ontology query language (EQL-Lite(UCQ)), and a tractable semantics for updates over Description Logic ontologies. We show decidability of all the above verification tasks over Lite-GOPSs, and prove tractability of some of such tasks.


On the Containment of SPARQL Queries under Entailment Regimes

AAAI Conferences

Most description logics (DL) query languages allow instance retrieval from an ABox. However, SPARQL is a schema query language allowing access to the TBox (in addition to the ABox). Moreover, its entailment regimes enable to take into account knowledge inferred from knowledge bases in the query answering process. This provides a new perspective for the containment problem. In this paper, we study the containment of SPARQL queries over OWL EL axioms under entailment. OWL EL is the language used by many large scale ontologies and is based on EL ++ . The main contribution is a novel approach to rewriting queries using SPARQL property paths and the μ-calculus in order to reduce containment test under entailment into validity check in the μ-calculus.


Answering Fuzzy Queries over Fuzzy DL-Lite Ontologies

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

A prominent problem in knowledge representation is how to answer queries taking into account also the implicit consequences of an ontology representing domain knowledge. While this problem has been widely studied within the realm of description logic ontologies, it has been surprisingly neglected within the context of vague or imprecise knowledge, particularly from the point of view of mathematical fuzzy logic. In this paper we study the problem of answering conjunctive queries and threshold queries w.r.t. ontologies in fuzzy DL-Lite. Specifically, we show through a rewriting approach that threshold query answering w.r.t. consistent ontologies remains in $AC_0$ in data complexity, but that conjunctive query answering is highly dependent on the selected triangular norm, which has an impact on the underlying semantics. For the idempodent G\"odel t-norm, we provide an effective method based on a reduction to the classical case. This paper is under consideration in Theory and Practice of Logic Programming (TPLP).


On the Complexity of Consistent Query Answering in the Presence of Simple Ontologies

AAAI Conferences

Consistent query answering is a standard approach for producing meaningful query answers when data is inconsistent. Recent work on consistent query answering in the presence of ontologies has shown this problem to be intractable in data complexity even for ontologies expressed in lightweight description logics. In order to better understand the source of this intractability, we investigate the complexity of consistent query answering for simple ontologies consisting only of class subsumption and class disjointness axioms. We show that for conjunctive queries with at most one quantified variable, the problem is first-order expressible; for queries with at most two quantified variables, the problem has polynomial data complexity but may not be first-order expressible; and for three quantified variables, the problem may become co-NP-hard in data complexity. For queries having at most two quantified variables, we further identify a necessary and sufficient condition for first-order expressibility. In order to be able to handle arbitrary conjunctive queries, we propose a novel inconsistency-tolerant semantics and show that under this semantics, first-order expressibility is always guaranteed. We conclude by extending our positive results to DL-Lite ontologies without inverse.