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AI 'judge' can predict court verdicts with 79 per cent accuracy

#artificialintelligence

Imagine this algorithm would then be refitted to replace the judge (or augment judges in a way that judges mostly rely on the tool to make a decision, which is already starting to happen [1]) and automatically put people in prison - with only 80% accuracy. Does that number still seem high now?


Comparing Rewinding and Fine-tuning in Neural Network Pruning

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Many neural network pruning algorithms proceed in three steps: train the network to completion, remove unwanted structure to compress the network, and retrain the remaining structure to recover lost accuracy. The standard retraining technique, fine-tuning, trains the unpruned weights from their final trained values using a small fixed learning rate. In this paper, we compare fine-tuning to alternative retraining techniques. Weight rewinding (as proposed by Frankle et al., (2019)), rewinds unpruned weights to their values from earlier in training and retrains them from there using the original training schedule. Learning rate rewinding (which we propose) trains the unpruned weights from their final values using the same learning rate schedule as weight rewinding. Both rewinding techniques outperform fine-tuning, forming the basis of a network-agnostic pruning algorithm that matches the accuracy and compression ratios of several more network-specific state-of-the-art techniques.


Schulz

AAAI Conferences

Real-time information from microblogs like Twitter is useful for different applications such as market research, opinion mining, and crisis management. For many of those messages, location information is required to derive useful insights. Today, however, only around 1% of all tweets are explicitly geotagged. We propose the first multi-indicator method for determining (1) the location where a tweet was created as well as (2) the location of the user's residence. Our method is based on various weighted indicators, including the names of places that appear in the text message, dedicated location entries, and additional information from the user profile. An evaluation shows that our method is capable of locating 92% of all tweets with a median accuracy of below 30km, as well as predicting the user's residence with a median accuracy of below 5.1km. With that level of accuracy, our approach significantly outperforms existing work.


Greater Accuracy in Robots Leads to More Applications

AITopics Original Links

Greater performance accuracy is implicit in the evolution of robot intelligence, says Fanuc Robotics' Dick Johnson, general manager, material handling. "For example, there is a trend to offer tools that will increase the accuracy of robots by compensating for variations in the manufacturing process. That promises to both decrease robot programming time and also make possible new robot applications."


The Best Metric to Measure Accuracy of Classification Models

@machinelearnbot

Unlike evaluating the accuracy of models that predict a continuous or discrete dependent variable like Linear Regression models, evaluating the accuracy of a classification model could be more complex and time-consuming.Before measuring the accuracy of classification models, an analyst would first measure its robustness with the help of metrics such as AIC-BIC, AUC-ROC, AUC- PR, Kolmogorov-Smirnov chart, etc. The next logical step is to measure its accuracy. To understand the complexity behind measuring the accuracy, we need to know few basic concepts.