In the mood: the dynamics of collective sentiments on Twitter

arXiv.org Machine Learning

We study the relationship between the sentiment levels of Twitter users and the evolving network structure that the users created by @-mentioning each other. We use a large dataset of tweets to which we apply three sentiment scoring algorithms, including the open source SentiStrength program. Specifically we make three contributions. Firstly we find that people who have potentially the largest communication reach (according to a dynamic centrality measure) use sentiment differently than the average user: for example they use positive sentiment more often and negative sentiment less often. Secondly we find that when we follow structurally stable Twitter communities over a period of months, their sentiment levels are also stable, and sudden changes in community sentiment from one day to the next can in most cases be traced to external events affecting the community. Thirdly, based on our findings, we create and calibrate a simple agent-based model that is capable of reproducing measures of emotive response comparable to those obtained from our empirical dataset.


FoodMood: Measuring Global Food Sentiment One Tweet at a Time

AAAI Conferences

Do Happy Meals really make us happy? Do salads make us blue? Is cake our comfort? FoodMood is an interactive data visualisation project that gives citizens a rare opportunity to engage and reflect, acknowledge, and understand the connection between emotion, obesity and food. The project explores the opportunities presented by the data-sharing world of today’s cities using global English-language tweets about food coupled with sentiment analysis. It aims to gain a better understanding of global food consumption patterns and its impact on the daily emotional well-being of people against the backdrop of country data such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and obesity levels. A key finding is that tweets can be used to find a relationship between certain foods, food sentiment and obesity levels in countries. Overall FoodMood shows a majority positive sentiment towards food. Other findings, although constantly evolving, indicate trends such as: globally meat enjoys a high sentiment rating and is often tweeted about; fast-food companies dominate the food consumption landscapes of most countries’ tweets although not all of them enjoy equal sentiment ratings across countries. Ultimately, FoodMood reveals a hidden layer of meaningful digital, social, and cultural data that provide a basis for further analysis.


Emotional Divergence Influences Information Spreading in Twitter

AAAI Conferences

We analyze data about the micro-blogging site Twitter using sentiment extraction techniques. From an information perspective, Twitter users are involved mostly in two processes: information creation and subsequent distribution (tweeting), and pure information distribution (retweeting), with pronounced preference to the first. However a rather substantial fraction of tweets are retweeted. Here, we address the role of the sentiment expressed in tweets for their potential aftermath. We find that although the overall sentiment (polarity) does not influence the probability of a tweet to be retweeted, a new measure called "emotional divergence" does have an impact. In general, tweets with high emotional diversity have a better chance of being retweeted, hence influencing the distribution of information.


Emoji-word Network Analysis: Sentiments and Semantics

AAAI Conferences

Emojis are very popular among online users. People use them in short texts they send or post because they are useful in conveying users’ feelings. Despite their wide use, we still do not understand the patterns in their usage. In this paper, we present an important first step towards this understanding by using a modeling based on Network Science. We create a co-occurrence bipartite emoji-word network from 6 collections of tweets; each from a different topic of conversation. We then present results regarding the sentiment of an emoji as well as its semantics; its connection to words that define its meaning. Our results show that emojis are generally used in a positive sentiment but the semantics differ depending on the subject of the conversation.


Sentiment Analysis of Airline Tweets

#artificialintelligence

People around the globe are more actively using social media platform such as Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram etc. They share information, opinions, ideas, experiences and other details in the social media. The business communities have become more aware of these developments and they want to use the available information in their favor. One of the ways to understand the people opinions on the product they are using is by collecting tweets related to those products. Then performing the sentiment analysis on the tweets collected on a particular topic.