In recent years, descriptive evaluation has been introduced as a new model for educational evaluation of Iranian students. The current descriptive evaluation method is based on four-valued logic. Assessing all students with only four values is led to a lack of relative justice and the creation of unrealistic equality. Also, the complexity of the evaluation process in the current method increases teacher errors likelihood. As a suitable solution, in this paper, a fuzzy descriptive evaluation system has been proposed. The proposed method is based on fuzzy logic, which is an infinite-valued logic and it can perform approximate reasoning on natural language propositions. By the proposed fuzzy system, student assessment is performed over the school year with infinite values instead of four values. But to eliminate the diversity of assigned values to students, at the end of the school year, the calculated values for each student will be rounded to the nearest value of the four standard values of the current descriptive evaluation system. It can be implemented easily in an appropriate smartphone app, which makes it much easier for the teachers to evaluate the evaluation process. In this paper, the evaluation process of the elementary third-grade mathematics course in Iran during the period from the beginning of the MEHR (The Seventh month of Iran) to the end of BAHMAN (The Eleventh Month of Iran) is examined by the proposed system. To evaluate the validity of this system, the proposed method has been simulated in MATLAB software.
In this work an AI/ICT Platform is presented, to develop cognitive networks to cope with a management of a great availability of data and a necessity to dispose of prompt right information, extracted by data. In fact, the better strategic decision arise by a prompt availability of target and effective information. A cognitive network, and in particular an intelligent grid, helps to reach this goal. This intelligent grid allows to integrate many data source to drive analytics which transform data into useful information to support advanced operational control and strategic decision making. To realize an intelligent grid, it is necessary, firstly, capturing Knowledge, transforming data in information and introducing the knowledge in ICT framework and in Real-Time Systems. This is the right way to have a set of target and suitable information by using to take a correct decision, especially in real-time problem. So, in this work XBASE Cognitive Mapping Tool is presented. This tool allows to develop an intelligent grid, to support and “automate” strategic decision and so, to solve, also in real-time, every kind of problems. In particular, an application of this tool is presented, in monitoring of wastewater, the “BATTLE” Project.
The system's ability to adapt and self-organize are two key factors when it comes to how well the system can survive the changes to the environment and the plant they work within. Intelligent control improves these two factors in controllers. Considering the increasing complexity of dynamic systems along with their need for feedback controls, using more complicated controls has become necessary and intelligent control can be a suitable response to this necessity. This paper briefly describes the structure of intelligent control and provides a review on fuzzy logic and neural networks which are some of the base methods for intelligent control. The different aspects of these two methods are then compared together and an example of a combined method is presented.
Human Motion Analysis (HMA) is currently one of the most popularly active research domains as such significant research interests are motivated by a number of real world applications such as video surveillance, sports analysis, healthcare monitoring and so on. However, most of these real world applications face high levels of uncertainties that can affect the operations of such applications. Hence, the fuzzy set theory has been applied and showed great success in the recent past. In this paper, we aim at reviewing the fuzzy set oriented approaches for HMA, individuating how the fuzzy set may improve the HMA, envisaging and delineating the future perspectives. To the best of our knowledge, there is not found a single survey in the current literature that has discussed and reviewed fuzzy approaches towards the HMA. For ease of understanding, we conceptually classify the human motion into three broad levels: Low-Level (LoL), Mid-Level (MiL), and High-Level (HiL) HMA.
Abstract-- In an automated search system, similarity is a key concept in solving a human task. Indeed, human process is usually a natural categorization that underlies many natural abilities such as image recovery, language comprehension, decision making, or pattern recognition. In the image search axis, there are several ways to measure the similarity between images in an image database, to a query image. Image search by content is based on the similarity of the visual characteristics of the images. The distance function used to evaluate the similarity between images depends on the criteria of the search but also on the representation of the characteristics of the image; this is the main idea of the near and fuzzy sets approaches. In this article, we introduce a new category of beta type-2 fuzzy sets for the description of image characteristics as well as the near sets approach for image recovery. Finally, we illustrate our work with examples of image recovery problems used in the real world. I. INTRODUCTION He number of daily-generated images by websites and personal archives are constantly growing. Indeed, the effective management of the rapid expansion of visual information has become a major problem and a necessity for strengthening visual search technique based on visual content . This necessity is behind the emergence of new visual search techniques based on visual content. It has been widely identified that the most efficient and intuitive way to research visual information is based on the properties that are extracted from the images themselves. Researchers from different communities ("Computer Vision" , "Database Management", "Man-machine Interface", "Information Retrieval") were attracted by this field. Since then, the search for images by content has developed quite rapidly. The intuitive idea of "any system that analyzes or automatically organizes a set of data or knowledge must use, in one form or another, a similarity operator whose purpose is to establish similarities or the relationships that exist between the manipulated information".