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Stream Reasoning on Expressive Logics

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Data streams occur widely in various real world applications. The research on streaming data mainly focuses on the data management, query evaluation and optimization on these data, however the work on reasoning procedures for streaming knowledge bases on both the assertional and terminological levels is very limited. Typically reasoning services on large knowledge bases are very expensive, and need to be applied continuously when the data is received as a stream. Hence new techniques for optimizing this continuous process is needed for developing efficient reasoners on streaming data. In this paper, we survey the related research on reasoning on expressive logics that can be applied to this setting, and point to further research directions in this area.


Lakemeyer

AAAI Conferences

Only-knowing was originally introduced by Levesque to capture the beliefs of an agent in the sense that its knowledge base is all the agent knows. When a knowledge base contains defaults Levesque also showed an exact correspondence between only-knowing and autoepistemic logic. Later these results were extended by Lakemeyer and Levesque to also capture a variant of autoepistemic logic proposed by Konolige and Reiter's default logic. One of the benefits of such an approach is that various nonmonotonic formalisms can be compared within a single monotonic logic leading, among other things, to the first axiom system for default logic. In this paper, we will bring another large class of nonmonotonic systems, which were first studied by McDermott and Doyle, into the only-knowing fold. Among other things, we will provide the first possible-world semantics for such systems, providing a new perspective on the nature of modal approaches to nonmonotonic reasoning.


Automated Reasoning

#artificialintelligence

Automated reasoning is the general process that gives machine learning algorithms an organized framework to define, approach and solve problems. While more a theoretical field of research than a specific technique itself, automated reasoning underpins many machine learning practices, such as logic programming, fuzzy logic, Bayesian inference, and maximal entropy reasoning. The ultimate goal is to create deep learning systems that can mimic human deduction without human interference.


An Online Logic Programming Development Environment

AAAI Conferences

Recent progress in logic programming, particularly answer set programming, has enabled us to teach it to undergraduate and high school students. We developed an online answer set programming environment with simple interface and self contained file system. It is expected to make the teaching of answer set programming more effective and help us to reach more students.


Specific-to-General Learning for Temporal Events with Application to Learning Event Definitions from Video

Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research

We develop, analyze, and evaluate a novel, supervised, specific-to-general learner for a simple temporal logic and use the resulting algorithm to learn visual event definitions from video sequences. First, we introduce a simple, propositional, temporal, event-description language called AMA that is sufficiently expressive to represent many events yet sufficiently restrictive to support learning. We then give algorithms, along with lower and upper complexity bounds, for the subsumption and generalization problems for AMA formulas. We present a positive-examples--only specific-to-general learning method based on these algorithms. We also present a polynomial-time--computable ``syntactic'' subsumption test that implies semantic subsumption without being equivalent to it. A generalization algorithm based on syntactic subsumption can be used in place of semantic generalization to improve the asymptotic complexity of the resulting learning algorithm. Finally, we apply this algorithm to the task of learning relational event definitions from video and show that it yields definitions that are competitive with hand-coded ones.