PCA is a rotation of your dataset that decorrelates the features. It is computed using the eigenvectors of the sqmple covariance matrix corresponding to the biggest eigenvalues in absolute value. It is possible to show that the singular values of the data matrix X corespond to the square root of the eigenvalues of the mean-centered covariance matrix X'X.

Song, Ruiyang, Xie, Yao, Pokutta, Sebastian

We characterize the performance of sequential information guided sensing, Info-Greedy Sensing, when there is a mismatch between the true signal model and the assumed model, which may be a sample estimate. In particular, we consider a setup where the signal is low-rank Gaussian and the measurements are taken in the directions of eigenvectors of the covariance matrix in a decreasing order of eigenvalues. We establish a set of performance bounds when a mismatched covariance matrix is used, in terms of the gap of signal posterior entropy, as well as the additional amount of power required to achieve the same signal recovery precision. Based on this, we further study how to choose an initialization for Info-Greedy Sensing using the sample covariance matrix, or using an efficient covariance sketching scheme.

Pavez, Eduardo, Ortega, Antonio

We study covariance matrix estimation for the case of partially observed random vectors, where different samples contain different subsets of vector coordinates. Each observation is the product of the variable of interest with a $0-1$ Bernoulli random variable. We analyze an unbiased covariance estimator under this model, and derive an error bound that reveals relations between the sub-sampling probabilities and the entries of the covariance matrix. We apply our analysis in an active learning framework, where the expected number of observed variables is small compared to the dimension of the vector of interest, and propose a design of optimal sub-sampling probabilities and an active covariance matrix estimation algorithm.

Podosinnikova, Anastasia, Bach, Francis, Lacoste-Julien, Simon

We introduce three novel semi-parametric extensions of probabilistic canonical correlation analysis with identifiability guarantees. We consider moment matching techniques for estimation in these models. For that, by drawing explicit links between the new models and a discrete version of independent component analysis (DICA), we first extend the DICA cumulant tensors to the new discrete version of CCA. By further using a close connection with independent component analysis, we introduce generalized covariance matrices, which can replace the cumulant tensors in the moment matching framework, and, therefore, improve sample complexity and simplify derivations and algorithms significantly. As the tensor power method or orthogonal joint diagonalization are not applicable in the new setting, we use non-orthogonal joint diagonalization techniques for matching the cumulants. We demonstrate performance of the proposed models and estimation techniques on experiments with both synthetic and real datasets.

Zhou, Shenglong, Xiu, Naihua, Luo, Ziyan, Kong, Lingchen

This paper aims at achieving a simultaneously sparse and low-rank estimator from the semidefinite population covariance matrices. We first benefit from a convex optimization which develops $l_1$-norm penalty to encourage the sparsity and nuclear norm to favor the low-rank property. For the proposed estimator, we then prove that with large probability, the Frobenious norm of the estimation rate can be of order $O(\sqrt{s(\log{r})/n})$ under a mild case, where $s$ and $r$ denote the number of sparse entries and the rank of the population covariance respectively, $n$ notes the sample capacity. Finally an efficient alternating direction method of multipliers with global convergence is proposed to tackle this problem, and meantime merits of the approach are also illustrated by practicing numerical simulations.