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News Session-Based Recommendations using Deep Neural Networks

arXiv.org Machine Learning

News recommender systems are aimed to personalize users experiences and help them to discover relevant articles from a large and dynamic search space. Therefore, news domain is a challenging scenario for recommendations, due to its sparse user profiling, fast growing number of items, accelerated item's value decay, and users preferences dynamic shift. Some promising results have been recently achieved by the usage of Deep Learning techniques on Recommender Systems, specially for item's feature extraction and for session-based recommendations with Recurrent Neural Networks. In this paper, its presented a Deep Learning architecture for Session-Based recommendations of News articles. This architecture is composed of two modules, the first responsible to learn news articles representations, based on their text and metadata, and the second module aimed to provide session-based recommendations using Recurrent Neural Networks. The recommendation task addressed in this work is next-item prediction for user sessions: "what is the next most likely article a user might read in a session?" User session context is leveraged by the architecture to provide additional information in such extreme cold-start scenario of news recommendation. Users' behavior and item features are both merged in an hybrid recommendation approach. A temporal offline evaluation method is also proposed as a complementary contribution, for a more realistic evaluation of such task, considering dynamic factors that affect global readership interests like popularity, recency, and seasonality.


Explainable Recommendation: A Survey and New Perspectives

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Explainable Recommendation refers to the personalized recommendation algorithms that address the problem of why -- they not only provide the user with the recommendations, but also make the user aware why such items are recommended by generating recommendation explanations, which help to improve the effectiveness, efficiency, persuasiveness, and user satisfaction of recommender systems. In recent years, a large number of explainable recommendation approaches -- especially model-based explainable recommendation algorithms -- have been proposed and adopted in real-world systems. In this survey, we review the work on explainable recommendation that has been published in or before the year of 2018. We first high-light the position of explainable recommendation in recommender system research by categorizing recommendation problems into the 5W, i.e., what, when, who, where, and why. We then conduct a comprehensive survey of explainable recommendation itself in terms of three aspects: 1) We provide a chronological research line of explanations in recommender systems, including the user study approaches in the early years, as well as the more recent model-based approaches. 2) We provide a taxonomy for explainable recommendation algorithms, including user-based, item-based, model-based, and post-model explanations. 3) We summarize the application of explainable recommendation in different recommendation tasks, including product recommendation, social recommendation, POI recommendation, etc. We devote a chapter to discuss the explanation perspectives in the broader IR and machine learning settings, as well as their relationship with explainable recommendation research. We end the survey by discussing potential future research directions to promote the explainable recommendation research area.


Large-scale Collaborative Filtering with Product Embeddings

arXiv.org Machine Learning

The application of machine learning techniques to large-scale personalized recommendation problems is a challenging task. Such systems must make sense of enormous amounts of implicit feedback in order to understand user preferences across numerous product categories. This paper presents a deep learning based solution to this problem within the collaborative filtering with implicit feedback framework. Our approach combines neural attention mechanisms, which allow for context dependent weighting of past behavioral signals, with representation learning techniques to produce models which obtain extremely high coverage, can easily incorporate new information as it becomes available, and are computationally efficient. Offline experiments demonstrate significant performance improvements when compared to several alternative methods from the literature. Results from an online setting show that the approach compares favorably with current production techniques used to produce personalized product recommendations.


CHAMELEON: A Deep Learning Meta-Architecture for News Recommender Systems [Phd. Thesis]

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Recommender Systems (RS) have became a popular research topic and, since 2016, Deep Learning methods and techniques have been increasingly explored in this area. News RS are aimed to personalize users experiences and help them discover relevant articles from a large and dynamic search space. The main contribution of this research was named CHAMELEON, a Deep Learning meta-architecture designed to tackle the specific challenges of news recommendation. It consists of a modular reference architecture which can be instantiated using different neural building blocks. As information about users' past interactions is scarce in the news domain, the user context can be leveraged to deal with the user cold-start problem. Articles' content is also important to tackle the item cold-start problem. Additionally, the temporal decay of items (articles) relevance is very accelerated in the news domain. Furthermore, external breaking events may temporally attract global readership attention, a phenomenon generally known as concept drift in machine learning. All those characteristics are explicitly modeled on this research by a contextual hybrid session-based recommendation approach using Recurrent Neural Networks. The task addressed by this research is session-based news recommendation, i.e., next-click prediction using only information available in the current user session. A method is proposed for a realistic temporal offline evaluation of such task, replaying the stream of user clicks and fresh articles being continuously published in a news portal. Experiments performed with two large datasets have shown the effectiveness of the CHAMELEON for news recommendation on many quality factors such as accuracy, item coverage, novelty, and reduced item cold-start problem, when compared to other traditional and state-of-the-art session-based recommendation algorithms.


SeER: An Explainable Deep Learning MIDI-based Hybrid Song Recommender System

arXiv.org Machine Learning

State of the art music recommender systems mainly rely on either Matrix factorization-based collaborative filtering approaches or deep learning architectures. Deep learning models usually use metadata for content-based filtering or predict the next user interaction by learning from temporal sequences of user actions. Despite advances in deep learning for song recommendation, none has taken advantage of the sequential nature of songs by learning sequence models that are based on content. Aside from the importance of prediction accuracy, other significant aspects are important, such as explainability and solving the cold start problem. In this work, we propose a hybrid deep learning structure, called "SeER", that uses collaborative filtering (CF) and deep learning sequence models on the MIDI content of songs for recommendation in order to provide more accurate personalized recommendations; solve the item cold start problem; and generate a relevant explanation for a song recommendation. Our evaluation experiments show promising results compared to state of the art baseline and hybrid song recommender systems in terms of ranking evaluation.