Collaborating Authors

Unsupervised Text Style Transfer via Iterative Matching and Translation Artificial Intelligence

Text style transfer seeks to learn how to automatically rewrite sentences from a source domain to the target domain in different styles, while simultaneously preserving their semantic contents. A major challenge in this task stems from the lack of parallel data that connects the source and target styles. Existing approaches try to disentangle content and style, but this is quite difficult and often results in poor content-preservation and grammaticality. In contrast, we propose a novel approach by first constructing a pseudo-parallel resource that aligns a subset of sentences with similar content between source and target corpus. And then a standard sequence-to-sequence model can be applied to learn the style transfer. Subsequently, we iteratively refine the learned style transfer function while improving upon the imperfections in our original alignment. Our method is applied to the tasks of sentiment modification and formality transfer, where it outperforms state-of-the-art systems by a large margin. As an auxiliary contribution, we produced a publicly-available test set with human-generated style transfers for future community use.

Style Transfer in Text: Exploration and Evaluation

AAAI Conferences

The ability to transfer styles of texts or images, is an important measurement of the advancement of artificial intelligence (AI). However, the progress in language style transfer is lagged behind other domains, such as computer vision, mainly because of the lack of parallel data and reliable evaluation metrics. In response to the challenge of lacking parallel data, we explore learning style transfer from non-parallel data. We propose two models to achieve this goal. The key idea behind the proposed models is to learn separate content representations and style representations using adversarial networks. Considering the problem of lacking principle evaluation metrics, we propose two novel evaluation metrics that measure two aspects of style transfer: transfer strength and content preservation. We benchmark our models and the evaluation metrics on two style transfer tasks: paper-news title transfer, and positive-negative review transfer. Results show that the proposed content preservation metric is highly correlate to human judgments, and the proposed models are able to generate sentences with similar content preservation score but higher style transfer strength comparing to auto-encoder.

Enhancing Content Preservation in Text Style Transfer Using Reverse Attention and Conditional Layer Normalization Artificial Intelligence

Text style transfer aims to alter the style (e.g., sentiment) of a sentence while preserving its content. A common approach is to map a given sentence to content representation that is free of style, and the content representation is fed to a decoder with a target style. Previous methods in filtering style completely remove tokens with style at the token level, which incurs the loss of content information. In this paper, we propose to enhance content preservation by implicitly removing the style information of each token with reverse attention, and thereby retain the content. Furthermore, we fuse content information when building the target style representation, making it dynamic with respect to the content. Our method creates not only style-independent content representation, but also content-dependent style representation in transferring style. Empirical results show that our method outperforms the state-of-the-art baselines by a large margin in terms of content preservation. In addition, it is also competitive in terms of style transfer accuracy and fluency.

A Review of Text Style Transfer using Deep Learning Artificial Intelligence

Style is an integral component of a sentence indicated by the choice of words a person makes. Different people have different ways of expressing themselves, however, they adjust their speaking and writing style to a social context, an audience, an interlocutor or the formality of an occasion. Text style transfer is defined as a task of adapting and/or changing the stylistic manner in which a sentence is written, while preserving the meaning of the original sentence. A systematic review of text style transfer methodologies using deep learning is presented in this paper. We point out the technological advances in deep neural networks that have been the driving force behind current successes in the fields of natural language understanding and generation. The review is structured around two key stages in the text style transfer process, namely, representation learning and sentence generation in a new style. The discussion highlights the commonalities and differences between proposed solutions as well as challenges and opportunities that are expected to direct and foster further research in the field.

Structured Content Preservation for Unsupervised Text Style Transfer Machine Learning

Text style transfer aims to modify the style of a sentence while keeping its content unchanged. Recent style transfer systems often fail to faithfully preserve the content after changing the style. This paper proposes a structured content preserving model that leverages linguistic information in the structured fine-grained supervisions to better preserve the style-independent content during style transfer. In particular, we achieve the goal by devising rich model objectives based on both the sentence's lexical information and a language model that conditions on content. The resulting model therefore is encouraged to retain the semantic meaning of the target sentences. We perform extensive experiments that compare our model to other existing approaches in the tasks of sentiment and political slant transfer. Our model achieves significant improvement in terms of both content preservation and style transfer in automatic and human evaluation.