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» Artificial Intelligence in India


The public and private sector in the country have become more aware of the potential of AI. And the Government has established several committees to study the implications of AI technologies in the country. India has witnessed a significant increase in the number of job applicants for artificial-intelligence related job in the IT sector. According to a report by a business analyst firm, by 2025, artificial intelligence and cognitive-computing are likely to generate savings of around US $150 billion for the healthcare sector. Firms in India are adopting a technology-forward approach.

Artificial intelligence to generate new cancer drugs on demand Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News


The study was published in Oncotarget on 22nd of December, 2016. The study represents the proof of concept for applying Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) to drug discovery. The authors significantly extended this model to generate new leads according to multiple requested characteristics and plan to launch a comprehensive GAN-based drug discovery engine producing promising therapeutic treatments to significantly accelerate pharmaceutical R&D and improve the success rates in clinical trials. Since 2010 deep learning systems demonstrated unprecedented results in image, voice and text recognition, in many cases surpassing human accuracy and enabling autonomous driving, automated creation of pleasant art and even composition of pleasant music. GAN is a fresh direction in deep learning invented by Ian Goodfellow in 2014.

Semi-supervised Learning Approach to Generate Neuroimaging Modalities with Adversarial Training Machine Learning

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the brain can come in the form of different modalities such as T1-weighted and Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR) which has been used to investigate a wide range of neurological disorders. Current state-of-the-art models for brain tissue segmentation and disease classification require multiple modalities for training and inference. However, the acquisition of all of these modalities are expensive, time-consuming, inconvenient and the required modalities are often not available. As a result, these datasets contain large amounts of \emph{unpaired} data, where examples in the dataset do not contain all modalities. On the other hand, there is smaller fraction of examples that contain all modalities (\emph{paired} data) and furthermore each modality is high dimensional when compared to number of datapoints. In this work, we develop a method to address these issues with semi-supervised learning in translating between two neuroimaging modalities. Our proposed model, Semi-Supervised Adversarial CycleGAN (SSA-CGAN), uses an adversarial loss to learn from \emph{unpaired} data points, cycle loss to enforce consistent reconstructions of the mappings and another adversarial loss to take advantage of \emph{paired} data points. Our experiments demonstrate that our proposed framework produces an improvement in reconstruction error and reduced variance for the pairwise translation of multiple modalities and is more robust to thermal noise when compared to existing methods.