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Incremental Learning for Metric-Based Meta-Learners

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Majority of the modern meta-learning methods for few-shot classification tasks operate in two phases: a meta-training phase where the meta-learner learns a generic representation by solving multiple few-shot tasks sampled from a large dataset and a testing phase, where the meta-learner leverages its learnt internal representation for a specific few-shot task involving classes which were not seen during the meta-training phase. To the best of our knowledge, all such meta-learning methods use a single base dataset for meta-training to sample tasks from and do not adapt the algorithm after meta-training. This strategy may not scale to real-world use-cases where the meta-learner does not potentially have access to the full meta-training dataset from the very beginning and we need to update the meta-learner in an incremental fashion when additional training data becomes available. Through our experimental setup, we develop a notion of incremental learning during the meta-training phase of meta-learning and propose a method which can be used with multiple existing metric-based meta-learning algorithms. Experimental results on benchmark dataset show that our approach performs favorably at test time as compared to training a model with the full meta-training set and incurs negligible amount of catastrophic forgetting


Relational Knowledge Transfer for Zero-Shot Learning

AAAI Conferences

General zero-shot learning (ZSL) approaches exploit transfer learning via semantic knowledge space. In this paper, we reveal a novel relational knowledge transfer (RKT) mechanism for ZSL, which is simple, generic and effective. RKT resolves the inherent semantic shift problem existing in ZSL through restoring the missing manifold structure of unseen categories via optimizing semantic mapping. It extracts the relational knowledge from data manifold structure in semantic knowledge space based on sparse coding theory. The extracted knowledge is then transferred backwards to generate virtual data for unseen categories in the feature space. On the one hand, the generalizing ability of the semantic mapping function can be enhanced with the added data. On the other hand, the mapping function for unseen categories can be learned directly from only these generated data, achieving inspiring performance. Incorporated with RKT, even simple baseline methods can achieve good results. Extensive experiments on three challenging datasets show prominent performance obtained by RKT, and we obtain 82.43% accuracy on the Animals with Attributes dataset.


Cross Attention Network for Few-shot Classification

Neural Information Processing Systems

Few-shot classification aims to recognize unlabeled samples from unseen classes given only few labeled samples. Many existing approaches extracted features from labeled and unlabeled samples independently, as a result, the features are not discriminative enough. In this work, we propose a novel Cross Attention Network to address the challenging problems in few-shot classification. Firstly, Cross Attention Module is introduced to deal with the problem of unseen classes. The module generates cross attention maps for each pair of class feature and query sample feature so as to highlight the target object regions, making the extracted feature more discriminative.


Wi-Fringe: Leveraging Text Semantics in WiFi CSI-Based Device-Free Named Gesture Recognition

arXiv.org Machine Learning

The lack of adequate training data is one of the major hurdles in WiFi-based activity recognition systems. In this paper, we propose Wi-Fringe, which is a WiFi CSI-based device-free human gesture recognition system that recognizes named gestures, i.e., activities and gestures that have a semantically meaningful name in English language, as opposed to arbitrary free-form gestures. Given a list of activities (only their names in English text), along with zero or more training examples (WiFi CSI values) per activity, Wi-Fringe is able to detect all activities at runtime. In other words, a subset of activities that Wi-Fringe detects do not require any training examples at all.


K-ZSL: Resources for Knowledge-driven Zero-shot Learning

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

External knowledge (a.k.a side information) plays a critical role in zero-shot learning (ZSL) which aims to predict with unseen classes that have never appeared in training data. Several kinds of external knowledge such as text and attribute have been widely investigated, but they alone are limited with incomplete semantics. Therefore, some very recent studies propose to use Knowledge Graph (KG) due to its high expressivity and compatibility for representing kinds of knowledge. However, the ZSL community is still short of standard benchmarks for studying and comparing different KG-based ZSL methods. In this paper, we proposed 5 resources for KG-based research in zero-shot image classification (ZS-IMGC) and zero-shot KG completion (ZS-KGC). For each resource, we contributed a benchmark and its KG with semantics ranging from text to attributes, from relational knowledge to logical expressions. We have clearly presented how the resources are constructed, their statistics and formats, and how they can be utilized with cases in evaluating ZSL methods' performance and explanations. Our resources are available at https://github.com/China-UK-ZSL/Resources_for_KZSL.