Lau, Hoong Chuin (Singapore Management University) | Agussurja, Lucas (Singapore Management University) | Cheng, Shih-Fen (Singapore Management University) | Tan, Pang Jin (DHL Supply Chain Singapore)
Sustainable supply chain management has been an increasingly important topic of research in recent years. At the strategic level, there are computational models which study supply and distribution networks with environmental considerations. At the operational level, there are, for example, routing and scheduling models which are constrained by carbon emissions. Our paper explores work in tactical planning with regards to vehicle resource allocation from distribution centers to customer locations in a multi-echelon logistics network. We formulate the bi-objective optimization problem exactly and design a memetic algorithm to efficiently derive an approximate Pareto front. We illustrate the applicability of our approach with a large real-world dataset.
This article describes the application of soft computing methods for solving the problem of locating garbage accumulation points in urban scenarios. This is a relevant problem in modern smart cities, in order to reduce negative environmental and social impacts in the waste management process, and also to optimize the available budget from the city administration to install waste bins. A specific problem model is presented, which accounts for reducing the investment costs, enhance the number of citizens served by the installed bins, and the accessibility to the system. A family of single- and multi-objective heuristics based on the PageRank method and two mutiobjective evolutionary algorithms are proposed. Experimental evaluation performed on real scenarios on the cities of Montevideo (Uruguay) and Bahia Blanca (Argentina) demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed approaches. The methods allow computing plannings with different trade-off between the problem objectives. The computed results improve over the current planning in Montevideo and provide a reasonable budget cost and quality of service for Bahia Blanca.
Russian Doll Search (RDS) is a well-known algorithm for combinatorial optimization. In this paper we extend it from mono-objective to multi-objective optimization. We demonstrate its practical applicability in the challenging multipleorbit SPOT5 instances. Besides being much more efficient than any other alternatives, multi-objective RDS can solve an instance which could not have been solved previously.
González, Miguel Ángel (University of Oviedo) | Oddi, Angelo (Institute of Cognitive Science and Technology of the Italian National Research Council (ISTC-CNR)) | Rasconi, Riccardo (Institute of Cognitive Science and Technology of the Italian National Research Council (ISTC-CNR))
Energy costs are an increasingly important issue in real-world scheduling, for both economic and environmental reasons. This paper deals with a variant of the well-known job shop scheduling problem, where we consider a bi-objective optimization of both the weighted tardiness and the energy costs. To this end, we design a hybrid metaheuristic that combines a genetic algorithm with a novel local search method and a linear programming approach. We also propose an efficient procedure for improving the energy cost of a given schedule. In the experimental study we analyse our proposal and compare it with the state of the art and also with a constraint programming approach, obtaining competitive results.
Service supply chain management is to prepare spare parts for failed products under warranty. Their goal is to reach agreed service level at the minimum cost. We convert this business problem into a preference based multi-objective optimization problem, where two quality criteria must be simultaneously optimized. One criterion is accuracy of demand forecast and the other is service level. Here we propose a general framework supporting solving preference-based multi-objective optimization problems (MOPs) by multi-gradient descent algorithm (MGDA), which is well suited for training deep neural network. The proposed framework treats agreed service level as a constrained criterion that must be met and generate a Pareto-optimal solution with highest forecasting accuracy. The neural networks used here are two Encoder-Decoder LSTM modes: one is used for pre-training phase to learn distributed representation of former generations' service parts consumption data, and the other is used for supervised learning phase to generate forecast quantities of current generations' service parts. Evaluated under the service parts consumption data in Lenovo Group Ltd, the proposed method clearly outperform baseline methods.