Improving the fuel efficiency of vehicles is imperative to reduce costs and protect the environment. While the efficient engine and vehicle designs, as well as intelligent route planning, are well-known solutions to enhance the fuel efficiency, research has also demonstrated that the adoption of fuel-efficient driving behaviors could lead to further savings. In this work, we propose a novel framework to promote fuel-efficient driving behaviors through real-time automatic monitoring and driver feedback. In this framework, a random-forest based classification model developed using historical data to identifies fuel-inefficient driving behaviors. The classifier considers driver-dependent parameters such as speed and acceleration/deceleration pattern, as well as environmental parameters such as traffic, road topography, and weather to evaluate the fuel efficiency of one-minute driving events. When an inefficient driving action is detected, a fuzzy logic inference system is used to determine what the driver should do to maintain fuel-efficient driving behavior. The decided action is then conveyed to the driver via a smartphone in a non-intrusive manner. Using a dataset from a long-distance bus, we demonstrate that the proposed classification model yields an accuracy of 85.2% while increasing the fuel efficiency up to 16.4%.
Mobile app development in recent years has resulted in new products and features to improve human life. Mobile telematics is one such development that encompasses multidisciplinary fields for transportation safety. The application of mobile telematics has been explored in many areas, such as insurance and road safety. However, to the best of our knowledge, its application in gender detection has not been explored. This paper proposes a Choquet fuzzy integral vertical bagging classifier that detects gender through mobile telematics. In this model, different random forest classifiers are trained by randomly generated features with rough set theory, and the top three classifiers are fused using the Choquet fuzzy integral. The model is implemented and evaluated on a real dataset. The empirical results indicate that the Choquet fuzzy integral vertical bagging classifier outperforms other classifiers.
Driving styles have a great influence on vehicle fuel economy, active safety, and drivability. To recognize driving styles of path-tracking behaviors for different divers, a statistical pattern-recognition method is developed to deal with the uncertainty of driving styles or characteristics based on probability density estimation. First, to describe driver path-tracking styles, vehicle speed and throttle opening are selected as the discriminative parameters, and a conditional kernel density function of vehicle speed and throttle opening is built, respectively, to describe the uncertainty and probability of two representative driving styles, e.g., aggressive and normal. Meanwhile, a posterior probability of each element in feature vector is obtained using full Bayesian theory. Second, a Euclidean distance method is involved to decide to which class the driver should be subject instead of calculating the complex covariance between every two elements of feature vectors. By comparing the Euclidean distance between every elements in feature vector, driving styles are classified into seven levels ranging from low normal to high aggressive. Subsequently, to show benefits of the proposed pattern-recognition method, a cross-validated method is used, compared with a fuzzy logic-based pattern-recognition method. The experiment results show that the proposed statistical pattern-recognition method for driving styles based on kernel density estimation is more efficient and stable than the fuzzy logic-based method.
The pandemic COVID-19 disease has had a dramatic impact on almost all countries around the world so that many hospitals have been overwhelmed with Covid-19 cases. As medical resources are limited, deciding on the proper allocation of these resources is a very crucial issue. Besides, uncertainty is a major factor that can affect decisions, especially in medical fields. To cope with this issue, we use fuzzy logic (FL) as one of the most suitable methods in modeling systems with high uncertainty and complexity. We intend to make use of the advantages of FL in decisions on cases that need to treat in ICU. In this study, an interval type-2 fuzzy expert system is proposed for prediction of ICU admission in COVID-19 patients. For this prediction task, we also developed an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS). Finally, the results of these fuzzy systems are compared to some well-known classification methods such as Naive Bayes (NB), Case-Based Reasoning (CBR), Decision Tree (DT), and K Nearest Neighbor (KNN). The results show that the type-2 fuzzy expert system and ANFIS models perform competitively in terms of accuracy and F-measure compared to the other system modeling techniques.
Human Motion Analysis (HMA) is currently one of the most popularly active research domains as such significant research interests are motivated by a number of real world applications such as video surveillance, sports analysis, healthcare monitoring and so on. However, most of these real world applications face high levels of uncertainties that can affect the operations of such applications. Hence, the fuzzy set theory has been applied and showed great success in the recent past. In this paper, we aim at reviewing the fuzzy set oriented approaches for HMA, individuating how the fuzzy set may improve the HMA, envisaging and delineating the future perspectives. To the best of our knowledge, there is not found a single survey in the current literature that has discussed and reviewed fuzzy approaches towards the HMA. For ease of understanding, we conceptually classify the human motion into three broad levels: Low-Level (LoL), Mid-Level (MiL), and High-Level (HiL) HMA.