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Deep Reinforcement Learning for Optimal Control of Space Heating

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Classical methods to control heating systems are often marred by suboptimal performance, inability to adapt to dynamic conditions and unreasonable assumptions e.g. existence of building models. This paper presents a novel deep reinforcement learning algorithm which can control space heating in buildings in a computationally efficient manner, and benchmarks it against other known techniques. The proposed algorithm outperforms rule based control by between 5-10% in a simulation environment for a number of price signals. We conclude that, while not optimal, the proposed algorithm offers additional practical advantages such as faster computation times and increased robustness to non-stationarities in building dynamics.


Value-of-Information based Arbitration between Model-based and Model-free Control

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

There have been numerous attempts in explaining the general learning behaviours using model-based and model-free methods. While the model-based control is flexible yet computationally expensive in planning, the model-free control is quick but inflexible. The model-based control is therefore immune from reward devaluation and contingency degradation. Multiple arbitration schemes have been suggested to achieve the data efficiency and computational efficiency of model-based and model-free control respectively. In this context, we propose a quantitative 'value of information' based arbitration between both the controllers in order to establish a general computational framework for skill learning. The interacting model-based and model-free reinforcement learning processes are arbitrated using an uncertainty-based value of information. We further show that our algorithm performs better than Q-learning as well as Q-learning with experience replay.


Model-free Control of Chaos with Continuous Deep Q-learning

arXiv.org Machine Learning

The OGY method is one of control methods for a chaotic system. In the method, we have to calculate a stabilizing periodic orbit embedded in its chaotic attractor. Thus, we cannot use this method in the case where a precise mathematical model of the chaotic system cannot be identified. In this case, the delayed feedback control proposed by Pyragas is useful. However, even in the delayed feedback control, we need the mathematical model to determine a feedback gain that stabilizes the periodic orbit. To overcome this problem, we propose a model-free reinforcement learning algorithm to the design of a controller for the chaotic system. In recent years, model-free reinforcement learning algorithms with deep neural networks have been paid much attention to. Those algorithms make it possible to control complex systems. However, it is known that model-free reinforcement learning algorithms are not efficient because learners must explore their control policies over the entire state space. Moreover, model-free reinforcement learning algorithms with deep neural networks have the disadvantage in taking much time to learn their control optimal policies. Thus, we propose a data-based control policy consisting of two steps, where we determine a region including the stabilizing periodic orbit first, and make the controller learn an optimal control policy for its stabilization. In the proposed method, the controller efficiently explores its control policy only in the region.


British 'Vogue's' next issue will be a 'model-free zone'

Mashable

The next issue of British Vogue will hit newsstands this Thursday, just as it does every month of the year. Only this time there will be one remarkable difference: its fashion pages will be a "model-free zone". According to editor Alexandra Shulman, no models will appear in the features included in what it's dubbed "The real issue", although the magazine's advertising pages will still feature models. The issue will explore what "real" beauty is and how successful women dress at work. The cover star -- The Girl on the Train actress Emily Blunt -- was chosen because she has "made a reputation for herself portraying relatable women," according to Shulman.


Model-free Feature Screening and FDR Control with Knockoff Features

arXiv.org Machine Learning

This paper proposes a model-free and data-adaptive feature screening method for ultra-high dimensional datasets. The proposed method is based on the projection correlation which measures the dependence between two random vectors. This projection correlation based method does not require specifying a regression model and applies to the data in the presence of heavy-tailed errors and multivariate response. It enjoys both sure screening and rank consistency properties under weak assumptions. Further, a two-step approach is proposed to control the false discovery rate (FDR) in feature screening with the help of knockoff features. It can be shown that the proposed two-step approach enjoys both sure screening and FDR control if the pre-specified FDR level $\alpha$ is greater or equal to $1/s$, where $s$ is the number of active features. The superior empirical performance of the proposed methods is justified by various numerical experiments and real data applications.