Structure inference is an important task for network data processing and analysis in data science. In recent years, quite a few approaches have been developed to learn the graph structure underlying a set of observations captured in a data space. Although real world data is often acquired in settings where relationships are influenced by a priori known rules, this domain knowledge is still not well exploited in structure inference problems. In this paper, we identify the structure of signals defined in a data space whose inner relationships are encoded by multi-layer graphs. We aim at properly exploiting the information originating from each layer to infer the global structure underlying the signals. We thus present a novel method for combining the multiple graphs into a global graph using mask matrices, which are estimated through an optimization problem that accommodates the multi-layer graph information and a signal representation model. The proposed mask combination method also estimates the contribution of each graph layer in the structure of signals. The experiments conducted both on synthetic and real world data suggest that integrating the multi-layer graph representation of the data in the structure inference framework enhances the learning procedure considerably by adapting to the quality and the quantity of the input data
Attributed graph clustering is challenging as it requires joint modelling of graph structures and node attributes. Recent progress on graph convolutional networks has proved that graph convolution is effective in combining structural and content information, and several recent methods based on it have achieved promising clustering performance on some real attributed networks. However, there is limited understanding of how graph convolution affects clustering performance and how to properly use it to optimize performance for different graphs. Existing methods essentially use graph convolution of a fixed and low order that only takes into account neighbours within a few hops of each node, which underutilizes node relations and ignores the diversity of graphs. In this paper, we propose an adaptive graph convolution method for attributed graph clustering that exploits high-order graph convolution to capture global cluster structure and adaptively selects the appropriate order for different graphs. We establish the validity of our method by theoretical analysis and extensive experiments on benchmark datasets. Empirical results show that our method compares favourably with state-of-the-art methods.
Machine learning on graphs is a difficult task due to the highly complex, but also informative graph structure. This post is the second in a series on how to do deep learning on graphs with Graph Convolutional Networks (GCNs), a powerful type of neural network designed to work directly on graphs and leverage their structural information. In my previous post on GCNs, we a saw a simple mathematical framework for expressing propagation in GCNs. In short, given an N F⁰ feature matrix X and a matrix representation of the graph structure, e.g., the N N adjacency matrix A of G, each hidden layer in the GCN can be expressed as Hⁱ f(Hⁱ ¹, A)) where H⁰ X and f is a propagation rule. Each layer Hⁱ corresponds to an N Fⁱ feature matrix where each row is a feature representation of a node.
Representing a graph as a vector is a challenging task; ideally, the representation should be easily computable and conducive to efficient comparisons among graphs, tailored to the particular data and analytical task at hand. Unfortunately, a "one-size-fits-all" solution is unattainable, as different analytical tasks may require different attention to global or local graph features. We develop SGR, the first, to our knowledge, method for learning graph representations in a self-supervised manner. Grounded on spectral graph analysis, SGR seamlessly combines all aforementioned desirable properties. In extensive experiments, we show how our approach works on large graph collections, facilitates self-supervised representation learning across a variety of application domains, and performs competitively to state-of-the-art methods without re-training.
The construction of a meaningful graph topology plays a crucial role in the effective representation, processing, analysis and visualization of structured data. When a natural choice of the graph is not readily available from the datasets, it is thus desirable to infer or learn a graph topology from the data. In this tutorial overview, we survey solutions to the problem of graph learning, including classical viewpoints from statistics and physics, and more recent approaches that adopt a graph signal processing (GSP) perspective. We further emphasize the conceptual similarities and differences between classical and GSP graph inference methods and highlight the potential advantage of the latter in a number of theoretical and practical scenarios. We conclude with several open issues and challenges that are keys to the design of future signal processing and machine learning algorithms for learning graphs from data.