Collaborating Authors

GAN Ensemble for Anomaly Detection Artificial Intelligence

When formulated as an unsupervised learning problem, anomaly detection often requires a model to learn the distribution of normal data. Previous works apply Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) to anomaly detection tasks and show good performances from these models. Motivated by the observation that GAN ensembles often outperform single GANs in generation tasks, we propose to construct GAN ensembles for anomaly detection. In the proposed method, a group of generators and a group of discriminators are trained together, so every generator gets feedback from multiple discriminators, and vice versa. Compared to a single GAN, a GAN ensemble can better model the distribution of normal data and thus better detect anomalies. Our theoretical analysis of GANs and GAN ensembles explains the role of a GAN discriminator in anomaly detection. In the empirical study, we evaluate ensembles constructed from four types of base models, and the results show that these ensembles clearly outperform single models in a series of tasks of anomaly detection.

GraphAnoGAN: Detecting Anomalous Snapshots from Attributed Graphs Artificial Intelligence

Finding anomalous snapshots from a graph has garnered huge attention recently. Existing studies address the problem using shallow learning mechanisms such as subspace selection, ego-network, or community analysis. These models do not take into account the multifaceted interactions between the structure and attributes in the network. In this paper, we propose GraphAnoGAN, an anomalous snapshot ranking framework, which consists of two core components -- generative and discriminative models. Specifically, the generative model learns to approximate the distribution of anomalous samples from the candidate set of graph snapshots, and the discriminative model detects whether the sampled snapshot is from the ground-truth or not. Experiments on 4 real-world networks show that GraphAnoGAN outperforms 6 baselines with a significant margin (28.29% and 22.01% higher precision and recall, respectively compared to the best baseline, averaged across all datasets).

A Lipschitz-constrained anomaly discriminator framework Artificial Intelligence

Anomaly detection is a problem of great interest in medicine, finance, and other fields where error and fraud need to be detected and corrected. Most deep anomaly detection methods rely on autoencoder reconstruction error. However, we show that this approach has limited value. First, this approach starts to perform poorly when either noise or anomalies contaminate training data, even to a small extent. Second, this approach cannot detect anomalous but simple to reconstruct points. This can be seen even in relatively simple examples, such as feeding a black image to detectors trained on MNIST digits. Here, we introduce a new discriminator-based unsupervised Lipschitz anomaly detector (LAD). We train a Wasserstein discriminator, similar to the ones used in GANs, to detect the difference between the training data and corruptions of the training data. We show that this procedure successfully detects unseen anomalies with guarantees on those that have a certain Wasserstein distance from the data or corrupted training set. Finally, we show results of this system in an electronic medical record dataset of HIV-positive veterans from the veterans aging cohort study (VACS) to establish usability in a medical setting.

Fast Image-Anomaly Mitigation for Autonomous Mobile Robots Artificial Intelligence

Camera anomalies like rain or dust can severelydegrade image quality and its related tasks, such as localizationand segmentation. In this work we address this importantissue by implementing a pre-processing step that can effectivelymitigate such artifacts in a real-time fashion, thus supportingthe deployment of autonomous systems with limited computecapabilities. We propose a shallow generator with aggregation,trained in an adversarial setting to solve the ill-posed problemof reconstructing the occluded regions. We add an enhancer tofurther preserve high-frequency details and image colorization.We also produce one of the largest publicly available datasets1to train our architecture and use realistic synthetic raindrops toobtain an improved initialization of the model. We benchmarkour framework on existing datasets and on our own imagesobtaining state-of-the-art results while enabling real-time per-formance, with up to 40x faster inference time than existingapproaches.

On the Usage of Generative Models for Network Anomaly Detection in Multivariate Time-Series Artificial Intelligence

Despite the many attempts and approaches for anomaly detection explored over the years, the automatic detection of rare events in data communication networks remains a complex problem. In this paper we introduce Net-GAN, a novel approach to network anomaly detection in time-series, using recurrent neural networks (RNNs) and generative adversarial networks (GAN). Different from the state of the art, which traditionally focuses on univariate measurements, Net-GAN detects anomalies in multivariate time-series, exploiting temporal dependencies through RNNs. Net-GAN discovers the underlying distribution of the baseline, multivariate data, without making any assumptions on its nature, offering a powerful approach to detect anomalies in complex, difficult to model network monitoring data. We further exploit the concepts behind generative models to conceive Net-VAE, a complementary approach to Net-GAN for network anomaly detection, based on variational auto-encoders (VAE). We evaluate Net-GAN and Net-VAE in different monitoring scenarios, including anomaly detection in IoT sensor data, and intrusion detection in network measurements. Generative models represent a promising approach for network anomaly detection, especially when considering the complexity and ever-growing number of time-series to monitor in operational networks.