In this paper we examine the effectiveness of using a filtered stream of tweets from Twitter to automatically identify events of interest within the video of live sports transmissions. We show that using just the volume of tweets generated at any moment of a game actually provides a very accurate means of event detection, as well as an automatic method for tagging events with representative words from the tweet stream. We compare this method with an alternative approach that uses complex audio-visual content analysis of the video, showing that it provides near-equivalent accuracy for major event detection at a fraction of the computational cost. Using community tweets and discussion also provides a sense of what the audience themselves found to be the talking points of a video.
Social media platforms have become the most popular means for users to share what is happening around them. The abundance and growing usage of social media has resulted in a large repository of users' social posts, which provides a stethoscope for inferring individuals' lifestyle and wellness. As users' social accounts implicitly reflect their habits, preferences, and feelings, it is feasible for us to monitor and understand the wellness of users by harvesting social media data towards a healthier lifestyle. As a first step towards accomplishing this goal, we propose to automatically extract wellness events from users' published social contents. Existing approaches for event extraction are not applicable to personal wellness events due to its domain nature characterized by plenty of noise and variety in data, insufficient samples, and inter-relation among events.To tackle these problems, we propose an optimization learning framework that utilizes the content information of microblogging messages as well as the relations between event categories. By imposing a sparse constraint on the learning model, we also tackle the problems arising from noise and variation in microblogging texts. Experimental results on a real-world dataset from Twitter have demonstrated the superior performance of our framework.
There's plenty of attention paid when a company like Target or Home Depot gets hacked. These major cyber breaches attract extensive media coverage, often creating the illusion that it's only big businesses that are at risk of an attack. Clyde & Co partner Christina Terplan led a panel at the NetDiligence conference in Santa Monica this month which discussed the claims study produced by Clyde & Co and risk analytics platform Corax, the annual claims report produced by NetDiligence, and claims trends with representatives from AIG and NAS Insurance. As a leading law firm serving as coverage and monitoring counsel for cyber insurer clients throughout the world, Clyde & Co has worked on over 5,000 data breaches, ranging from the mega-breaches to the "everyday." For this study, the firm and Corax analyzed information from 321 randomly selected data breach events.
Preventing organizations from Cyber exploits needs timely intelligence about Cyber vulnerabilities and attacks, referred as threats. Cyber threat intelligence can be extracted from various sources including social media platforms where users publish the threat information in real time. Gathering Cyber threat intelligence from social media sites is a time consuming task for security analysts that can delay timely response to emerging Cyber threats. We propose a framework for automatically gathering Cyber threat intelligence from Twitter by using a novelty detection model. Our model learns the features of Cyber threat intelligence from the threat descriptions published in public repositories such as Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) and classifies a new unseen tweet as either normal or anomalous to Cyber threat intelligence. We evaluate our framework using a purpose-built data set of tweets from 50 influential Cyber security related accounts over twelve months (in 2018). Our classifier achieves the F1-score of 0.643 for classifying Cyber threat tweets and outperforms several baselines including binary classification models. Our analysis of the classification results suggests that Cyber threat relevant tweets on Twitter do not often include the CVE identifier of the related threats. Hence, it would be valuable to collect these tweets and associate them with the related CVE identifier for cyber security applications.
Twitter, as a form of social media, is fast emerging in recent years. Users are using Twitter to report real-life events. This paper focuses on detecting those events by analyzing the text stream in Twitter. Although event detection has long been a research topic, the characteristics of Twitter make it a non-trivial task. Tweets reporting such events are usually overwhelmed by high flood of meaningless "babbles".