In this paper, we propose a new fuzzy reasoning principle, so called Movement and Transformation Principle(MTP). This Principle is to obtain a new fuzzy reasoning result by Movement and Transformation the consequent fuzzy set in response to the Movement, Transformation, and Movement-Transformation operations between the antecedent fuzzy set and fuzzificated observation information. And then we presented fuzzy modus ponens and fuzzy modus tollens based on MTP. We compare proposed method with Mamdani fuzzy system, Sugeno fuzzy system, Wang distance type fuzzy reasoning method and Hellendoorn functional type method. And then we applied to the learning experiments of the fuzzy neural network based on MTP and compared it with the Sugeno method. Through prediction experiments of fuzzy neural network on the precipitation data and security situation data, learning accuracy and time performance are clearly improved. Consequently we show that our method based on MTP is computationally simple and does not involve nonlinear operations, so it is easy to handle mathematically.
Fuzzy rule based models have a capability to approximate any continuous function to any degree of accuracy on a compact domain. The majority of FLC design process relies on heuristic knowledge of experience operators. In order to make the design process automatic we present a genetic approach to learn fuzzy rules as well as membership function parameters. Moreover, several statistical information criteria such as the Akaike information criterion (AIC), the Bhansali-Downham information criterion (BDIC), and the Schwarz-Rissanen information criterion (SRIC) are used to construct optimal fuzzy models by reducing fuzzy rules. A genetic scheme is used to design Takagi-Sugeno-Kang (TSK) model for identification of the antecedent rule parameters and the identification of the consequent parameters. Computer simulations are presented confirming the performance of the constructed fuzzy logic controller.
Fuzzy systems have achieved great success in numerous applications. However, there are still many challenges in designing an optimal fuzzy system, e.g., how to efficiently train its parameters, how to improve its performance without adding too many parameters, how to balance the trade-off between cooperations and competitions among the rules, how to overcome the curse of dimensionality, etc. Literature has shown that by making appropriate connections between fuzzy systems and other machine learning approaches, good practices from other domains may be used to improve the fuzzy systems, and vice versa. This paper gives an overview on the functional equivalence between Takagi-Sugeno-Kang fuzzy systems and four classic machine learning approaches -- neural networks, mixture of experts, classification and regression trees, and stacking ensemble regression -- for regression problems. We also point out some promising new research directions, inspired by the functional equivalence, that could lead to solutions to the aforementioned problems. To our knowledge, this is so far the most comprehensive overview on the connections between fuzzy systems and other popular machine learning approaches, and hopefully will stimulate more hybridization between different machine learning algorithms.
The superior interpretability and uncertainty modeling ability of Takagi-Sugeno-Kang fuzzy system (TSK FS) make it possible to describe complex nonlinear systems intuitively and efficiently. However, classical TSK FS usually adopts the whole feature space of the data for model construction, which can result in lengthy rules for high-dimensional data and lead to degeneration in interpretability. Furthermore, for highly nonlinear modeling task, it is usually necessary to use a large number of rules which further weakens the clarity and interpretability of TSK FS. To address these issues, a concise zero-order TSK FS construction method, called ESSC-SL-CTSK-FS, is proposed in this paper by integrating the techniques of enhanced soft subspace clustering (ESSC) and sparse learning (SL). In this method, ESSC is used to generate the antecedents and various sparse subspace for different fuzzy rules, whereas SL is used to optimize the consequent parameters of the fuzzy rules, based on which the number of fuzzy rules can be effectively reduced. Finally, the proposed ESSC-SL-CTSK-FS method is used to construct con-cise zero-order TSK FS that can explain the scenes in high-dimensional data modeling more clearly and easily. Experiments are conducted on various real-world datasets to confirm the advantages.