Collaborating Authors

IKEA Furniture Assembly Environment for Long-Horizon Complex Manipulation Tasks Artificial Intelligence

The IKEA Furniture Assembly Environment is one of the first benchmarks for testing and accelerating the automation of complex manipulation tasks. The environment is designed to advance reinforcement learning from simple toy tasks to complex tasks requiring both long-term planning and sophisticated low-level control. Our environment supports over 80 different furniture models, Sawyer and Baxter robot simulation, and domain randomization. The IKEA Furniture Assembly Environment is a testbed for methods aiming to solve complex manipulation tasks. The environment is publicly available at

Learning Hierarchical Control for Robust In-Hand Manipulation Artificial Intelligence

Tingguang Li 1, 2, Krishnan Srinivasan 2, Max Qing-Hu Meng 1, Wenzhen Y uan 3 and Jeannette Bohg 2 Abstract -- Robotic in-hand manipulation has been a longstanding challenge due to the complexity of modelling hand and object in contact and of coordinating finger motion for complex manipulation sequences. T o address these challenges, the majority of prior work has either focused on model-based, low-level controllers or on model-free deep reinforcement learning that each have their own limitations. We propose a hierarchical method that relies on traditional, model-based controllers on the low-level and learned policies on the mid-level. The low-level controllers can robustly execute different manipulation primitives (reposing, sliding, flipping). We extensively evaluate our approach in simulation with a 3-fingered hand that controls three degrees of freedom of elongated objects. We show that our approach can move objects between almost all the possible poses in the workspace while keeping them firmly grasped. We also show that our approach is robust to inaccuracies in the object models and to observation noise. Finally, we show how our approach generalizes to objects of other shapes. I NTRODUCTION Dexterous Manipulation refers to the ability of changing the pose of an object to any other pose within the workspace of a hand [1-3]. In this paper, we are particularly concerned with the ability of in-hand manipulation where the object is continuously moved within the hand without dropping. This ability is used frequently in human manipulation e.g. when grasping a tool and readjusting it within the hand, when inspecting an object, when assembling objects or when adjusting an unstable grasp. Y et, in-hand manipulation remains a longstanding challenge in robotics despite the availability of multi-fingered dexterous hands such as [4-6].

Learning Dexterous In-Hand Manipulation Artificial Intelligence

We use reinforcement learning (RL) to learn dexterous in-hand manipulation policies which can perform vision-based object reorientation on a physical Shadow Dexterous Hand. The training is performed in a simulated environment in which we randomize many of the physical properties of the system like friction coefficients and an object's appearance. Our policies transfer to the physical robot despite being trained entirely in simulation. Our method does not rely on any human demonstrations, but many behaviors found in human manipulation emerge naturally, including finger gaiting, multi-finger coordination, and the controlled use of gravity. Our results were obtained using the same distributed RL system that was used to train OpenAI Five. We also include a video of our results:

The ThreeDWorld Transport Challenge: A Visually Guided Task-and-Motion Planning Benchmark for Physically Realistic Embodied AI Artificial Intelligence

We introduce a visually-guided and physics-driven task-and-motion planning benchmark, which we call the ThreeDWorld Transport Challenge. In this challenge, an embodied agent equipped with two 9-DOF articulated arms is spawned randomly in a simulated physical home environment. The agent is required to find a small set of objects scattered around the house, pick them up, and transport them to a desired final location. We also position containers around the house that can be used as tools to assist with transporting objects efficiently. To complete the task, an embodied agent must plan a sequence of actions to change the state of a large number of objects in the face of realistic physical constraints. We build this benchmark challenge using the ThreeDWorld simulation: a virtual 3D environment where all objects respond to physics, and where can be controlled using fully physics-driven navigation and interaction API. We evaluate several existing agents on this benchmark. Experimental results suggest that: 1) a pure RL model struggles on this challenge; 2) hierarchical planning-based agents can transport some objects but still far from solving this task. We anticipate that this benchmark will empower researchers to develop more intelligent physics-driven robots for the physical world.

Automated acquisition of structured, semantic models of manipulation activities from human VR demonstration Artificial Intelligence

In this paper we present a system capable of collecting and annotating, human performed, robot understandable, everyday activities from virtual environments. The human movements are mapped in the simulated world using off-the-shelf virtual reality devices with full body, and eye tracking capabilities. All the interactions in the virtual world are physically simulated, thus movements and their effects are closely relatable to the real world. During the activity execution, a subsymbolic data logger is recording the environment and the human gaze on a per-frame basis, enabling offline scene reproduction and replays. Coupled with the physics engine, online monitors (symbolic data loggers) are parsing (using various grammars) and recording events, actions, and their effects in the simulated world.